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Here is the schematics for the question:

enter image description here

I was using the LM311 as a non-inverting comparator without problem.

It works fine and here is the output below:

enter image description here

But if I use it as an inverting comparator, I get the following output below. As you see the output pulses have distorted tips. I circled one of them with orange color.

enter image description here

Is my transformation of the non-inverting comparator to an inverting comparator just by swapping inputs correct? How can I fix those non-flat corners?

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Your circuit has a feedback loop. What is this for? Can you remove the feedback R5 and R10? \$\endgroup\$ – Greg d'Eon Dec 11 '15 at 16:33
  • \$\begingroup\$ oh yes i removed them both works fine now. besides that, do you think swapping inputs is enough? \$\endgroup\$ – user16307 Dec 11 '15 at 16:36
  • \$\begingroup\$ Note that the feedback (through R5 and R10) should be a positive feedback which gives you hysteresis. It means that the "flip high" and "flip low" voltages get separated. R5 is placed correctly to the + input giving pos. feedback. R10 is NOT placed correctly, it gives negative feedback here and that reduces the gain which is undesired if you want to make a comparator ! \$\endgroup\$ – Bimpelrekkie Dec 11 '15 at 16:42
  • \$\begingroup\$ do you mean R5 should be there but R10 should be removed? is that right what i understand? \$\endgroup\$ – user16307 Dec 11 '15 at 16:43
  • \$\begingroup\$ R10 should not feed-back to the - input but to the + input. You might then also need to make C2 smaller or even remove it as that reference voltage will go up and down slightly when the output switches. \$\endgroup\$ – Bimpelrekkie Dec 11 '15 at 16:49
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I suspect that this has something to do with the feedback loop (connected through R5 and R10).

Your non-inverting comparator looks like:

schematic

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

and your inverting comparator looks like

schematic

simulate this circuit

In the non-inverting comparator, you have positive feedback: when input > bias, the output swings high, which makes the input even higher! That way, the output voltage stays where it is.

However, in the inverting comparator, you have a negative feedback loop: when the output goes high, it drags the input voltage a little bit lower, which makes the comparator turn back off. This is the "ringing" that you see.

All you need to do (as I mentioned in the comments) is take out this feedback - a comparator doesn't need it. This should remove your overshoot.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ just to be sure in both inverting and noniverting there shouldnt be any feedback rght? \$\endgroup\$ – user16307 Dec 11 '15 at 16:41
  • \$\begingroup\$ Correct. If you go hunting for LM311 circuits online, you'll notice that none of them have feedback. \$\endgroup\$ – Greg d'Eon Dec 11 '15 at 16:42
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    \$\begingroup\$ In a comparator you can have feedback but that should be POSITIVE feedback which results in hysteresis. But then you've made a schmitt-trigger instead of a pure comparator ! So negative feedback: no; positive feedback: only if you want it. \$\endgroup\$ – Bimpelrekkie Dec 11 '15 at 16:44
  • \$\begingroup\$ hmm so is that fine both have positive feedback? \$\endgroup\$ – user16307 Dec 11 '15 at 16:45
  • \$\begingroup\$ schmitt-trigger is better for my application since i want to sharpen pulses \$\endgroup\$ – user16307 Dec 11 '15 at 16:45

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