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OK, DILs are on the way out, but from time to time you still can see CMOS DILs packaged like this as ESD protection:

enter image description here

That's aluminium foil on EPS (expanded polystyrene). The EPS isn't conductive, but the aluminium foil is supposed to short the pins. Is this a reliable way to store CMOS components?

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    \$\begingroup\$ Wait.....since when are DIP packaging on the way out? isn't that what most hobbyists use? \$\endgroup\$ – user3073 Oct 28 '11 at 15:04
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Sauron: yes, as long as they're available. Production uses this less and less, and manufacturers don't keep the DILs in production for hobbyists, whom they couldn't care less about (sad as that might be) \$\endgroup\$ – Federico Russo Oct 29 '11 at 13:25
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    \$\begingroup\$ @Sauron - I'm afraid I have to agree with Federico. More and more ICs are only avaliable in SMT packages. Those few tens of thousands devices in DIL are negligible compared to the millions they sell in SMT, and don't justify keeping production lines open. \$\endgroup\$ – stevenvh Oct 29 '11 at 13:31
  • \$\begingroup\$ Wow......that sucks then, isn't there a SMD to DIP kinda....socket thing? \$\endgroup\$ – user3073 Oct 29 '11 at 14:35
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Sauron - Yes, there are adapters like the one I showed in this answer \$\endgroup\$ – stevenvh Nov 3 '11 at 12:36
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This is useless. The foam will push the IC up again a few tenths of mm after pushing the pins in, so that the contact with the aluminium foil is lost. You should use conductive foam, which basically comes in two forms/colors:

enter image description here enter image description here

The charcoal gray ester foam on the left feels a bit softer than the plactic-y feeling of the pink one. Both have a limited resistance, which is low enough to avoid static voltages being built up between any two pins of the IC.

For SMD the best thing is to leave them on the tape and reel as long as possible, and only remove them onto an antīstatic mat, with yourself wearing an antistatic wrist-strap. Static sensitive components are packaged in a static-dissipative tape and reel.
Samples are usually delivered on a piece of ester foam in an antīstatic box. Same here: leave the parts in the box as long as possible.

If you buy your parts in the electronics shop around the corner you may have the frustrating experience that a part is zapped despite your precautions. Some shops keep their parts on the EPS you asked about, and the chain is only as strong as its weakest link...

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  • \$\begingroup\$ I was told that the pink stuff (bags or foam) is not really conductive. It does not "generate" static the way a normal bag/foam would if rubbed but if touched with a charged finger, it would not dissipate the charge the way a true anti-static bag does. The only conductive stuff is the black foam and true anti-static bags. \$\endgroup\$ – Rodo Sep 15 '20 at 17:32
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I run a small webshop, so I ship a lot of chips in small quantities. The combination of styrofoam and a chip gives me the creepies. Styrofoam is excellent stuff to create static electrical charges (ever tried to clean a room from styrofoam bubbles?). So I think wrapping the chip in alu foil is in itself a good idea. But note: the alu foil I buy here has two sides, one is metallic, the other side is plasticised. If you do not pierce the foil, you must use it on the right side. But do not let styrofoam get near any chips.

My standard way of shipping small numbers of DIP chips (or non-smd MOSFETS) is to use the black plastic foam that is sold for this purpose. It is slightly conductive, enough to measure it with a multimeter: I get ~ 100k from two pins at 1 cm distance. For larger quantities I simply use the tubes in which the chips arrive. Small quantities of SMD chips I wrap in alu foil, or (preferrably) I buy them in cut tape.

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CMOS IC die die die !!!
Nasty polystyrene foam we hatesem my precious!
Yessss!!!


Murphy guarantees he can get at least one pin clear of the foil at some stage in a storage cycle and that he will be able to make sure it is an important ESD sensitive one.

Note that conductive surfaces do not need to be grossly so by normal measures. Probably 10 megohm per square would work well enough. Resistance can be so high as to be measured only with difficulty with a typical meter.

I have used zinc EMC protective spray on the inside of otherwise unsuitable plastic containers with good apparent results. A quite light "whiff" of zinc spray is OK - as long as it gets more or less complete coverage.

I've also lined plastic boxes with Al foil including up all siodes. ICs do not penetrate foil.

Note that many LEDs are amongst the most ESD sensitive components usually encountered. Some but not many LEDs incorporate ESD and reverse voltage protection.

Gunn diodes dislike ESD - but very seldom seen by most people.

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No. That's not a reliable ESD solution at all.

Reason #1 - nothing ensures that the pins stay in contact with the aluminum. Mechanical jostling can cause the pin to work back and forth relative to the styrofoam, and in the process push the aluminum back. You probably will have some contact at some point on any given pin, but if the chip has be thus 'protected' during a lot of handling, don't count on it.

Reason #2 - at best, this would ensure that each pin was at the same potential, so you wouldn't see any large voltages on the die due to fields or discharges at the pins. However, there is no shielding of the device. For proper ESD protection you essentially want to create a little Faraday cage around the device. With the aluminum-on-foam setup, a strong field, or a fast changing field, could introduce voltage gradient between the die and the pins.

That said,

The types of devices you typically see protected this way aren't usually all that sensitive. 74xx series chips are less sensitive than, say, a CPU. If the device is more complex than a medium-scale integration device like a 74xx, you should get static-shielding bags.

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    \$\begingroup\$ I think having all pins at the same potential should be sufficient. Unless you expect a discharge through the package to the die, which is very unlikey, since the path of least resistance would be via the pins. \$\endgroup\$ – stevenvh Oct 28 '11 at 11:15
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    \$\begingroup\$ @stevenh - In extreme cases failures have been caused by people (eg Customs) removing IC still in their tubes from external ESD protective conductive foil. Recall expeiments that you may have done or seen with eletrometer leaves, pith balls, pieces of paper etc, Induced ESD charge can be achieved at interesting distances and what happens then depends on circumstances. \$\endgroup\$ – Russell McMahon Oct 28 '11 at 13:25

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