A class AB audio amplifier has both positive and negative +/-40v rails. There is a differential amplifier feeding a trans-impedance transistor. The transistor is also a current source for an amplified diode. The other end of the diode goes to the negative rail through a couple of resistors. The diode provides adjustable + /- biasing voltages for both driver transistors, around +/- .5v, respectively.
Drivers and output transistors had shorted due to accidental overload and have been removed. Should bias voltages still be in range with these transistors out? If not, then how can I be certain there is no problems with bias before replacing the transistors? Are there any precautions I need to follow before powering up?
Here's a schematic that should help. A simpler way to ask this question is: with Q806. Q807, Q809 and Q810 removed, should the bias voltages at the collector and emitter of Q804 still be around + and - .5v, respectively?
Out of curiosity I powered this up again and measured +38v on the collector of Q804 and +36.5v on its emitter. Predriver Q803 has +38.1v on both emitter and collector and +37.4v on its base. So I guess now there is either a problem with predriver Q803 and/or the differential amplifier Q801, Q802. Anyone have anything to add?
Here is corrected schematic.
FOLLOWUP: Interestingly there is still over 35v bias. Here are the readings:
Q801 E= -.710 B= -.127 C=37.4 Q802 E= -.710 B= -.127 C=38.2 Q803 E= 38.1 B= 37.4 C=38.0 Q804 E= 36.2 B= 36.8 C=38.0 R811,R812 junction -17.4 +40 actually is 38.2 -40 actually is -38.5
Q801. Q802 and Q803 have been replaced. Over current protection transistors, Q805 and Q808, are still installed. Any idea why the bias is still so high?
Thanks in advance.
Thanks Dave for the explanation for the high common mode voltage and clarification between bias and common mode voltage. I tried shorting Q804's emitter to P809 as you suggested and have 2V on Q804's collector and .125V on its emitter. Does this seem reasonable to you?
And I tried shorting Q804's collector to P809 and got .120V on it and -1.8V on its emitter. Does this mean I can now safely reinstall the driver and output transistors? Are there any precautions I need to follow before powering up?
Thanks Dave. So no other steps need be taken before installing the other transistors? I thought it might be a good idea to put a 75W lamp in series with the AC line or a 330 ohm resistor in series with each output transistor's collector in case the transistors saturate. Just want to avoid any unforseen disaster. Or don't you think any of this is necessary?