# Having trouble designing a JFET input stage in a Multistage Transistor Amp

I've been given the task to design a multistage transistor amp.
Specs given are:

• Overall voltage gain: 80 (min) to 100 (max)
• Input resistance no less than 1Mohm
• Voltage supplies: +-10V
• Achieve max output voltage swing when Load Resistance is 2kohm
• Capacitive coupling with low freq cut off of no lower than 30Hz but no greater than 60Hz
• Amp must also include negative feedback from final stage to an earlier stage (preference: voltage-voltage/voltage-series)

[PS. I am aware I don't need the emitter cap in stage 2 of the design above; I believe I must split the emitter resistor into two separate resistors for the negative feedback I'm hoping to implement.]

I'm trying to design the first stage using JFET, but haven't been able to design it very well.
From the data sheet, I see the typical values for IDSS and VGSoff are 10mA and -8V (Although in the lab, actual VGSoff seemed to be = -4V).

Keeping this in mind, I calculated values of resistors:
Assuming RD = 4.5k and RL=10k, I calculated RS = 350ohm. This didnt seem to work in simulation in PSpice or when I built it in the lab.
Is there a way to calculate RD/RL instead of assuming values?

However, I have a question regarding biasing in my case. I went with R1=R2=2Meg (for low freq response). Still didn't work.
Which, from Self-Bias and Voltage divider at gate, seems like the best way to go in my design?

Even if I get values, I could calculate backwards and see how the theory works out.

Help much appreciated!
Thanks

• When you have the chance to use PSpice why didn`t you play a bit with the values - in particular with the input bias - to find a suitable working point? What is the desired gate-source voltage?
– LvW
Commented Mar 27, 2016 at 15:31
• I think you should try a different approach. Consider that feedback reduces gain. So you probably want a circuit that has very high open loop gain (theoretical gain without feedback) and then you can adjust the feedback network to yield the closed loop gain (the actual gain). For example, if you use a current source with a compound JFET BJT input, you should be able to get a gain of a 1,000,000 or so. Then the feedback will also reduce the output impedance as desired. I think you could do it with 3 transistors and no coupling caps or "stages". Commented Apr 1, 2016 at 8:42

Let Re in both stages be split to 2 resistors, with the lower in parallel with bypass cap, your lower frequency limit is calculated by the bypass cap $value = \frac{1}{ 2*pi*R*C}$ where R is the resistance in parallel, for high frequency limit you should connect a cap between collector and ground or Vcc and calculate the value the same but with the resistor being the collector resistor.