How to memorize a diode's polarity, such as anode and cathode in symbol?
Two mnemonic technique I'll mention. Both technique I've learnt from someone else, many-years ago.
- We can easily remember, anode is abbreviated as A, and Cathode as K. That is standard, and easy to remember.
Now , Write a K
Now, just fill in the blanks to make it a diode.
Now , the side of diode, where K was drawn, is Cathode (K).
By default, the opposite side is anode (A).
Now, if once we learn to recognize the K, if the diode orientate to a different direction in the diagram, we could easily identify the anode and cathode.
- The triangle inside the diode, makes an arrow sign. That tells the direction of allowed-direction of current.
From the second-method , we-can easily remember, the direction of current.
And ow. A selected portion of Circuit portion(portion of interest)(here diode)'s Cathode is the electrode that Vomits out-out positive-charge;
and the circuit's portion-of-interest(here diode)'s Anode is the electrode that Sucks-in the positive charge.
above-table: Anode-Cathode Vs Plus-Minus Disambiguation
That is applicable not only for diodes. It is applicable for any-components like Electrochemical (Battery)-Cell, , Electrolytic-cell, Cathode-ray-Tube(CRT), etc.
Circuit's portion-of-interest(here diode)'s Anode is to be attached with circuit-counterpart(here battery)'s Cathode.
And Circuit's portion-of-interest(here diode)'s Cathode to be attached with circuit's Counterpart(here battery)'s Anode.
Within the circuit's portion of interest (Here it is diode), Current flows in its Anode to Cathode direction.
In that selected portion's counterpart, or outer-portion of the path, current flows from Anode(of the selected part, here diode) to Cathode ( of the selected part, here diode).
In the schematic symbol, the straight line across the wire is the cathode, and on the physical part, the cathode is usually marked by a line.
The arrow in the schematic symbol for diodes and transistors points in the direction of Conventional (positive) current flow.
Just dreamed up while reading this question and answers:
If you don't remember which is which, your
A+(anode, + voltage) will become (flow towards*) a
C-(cathode, - voltage).
We'll see if that or something like it actually helps me (and/or others) remember. :)
* note: flow referring to conventional current, rather than electron flow.
(Also, I realize this is only about memorizing which name is which (which is what I was trying to remember when I found this question); I yield to other answers for getting the names and symbol mapped.)
What I always remember is Anode - Arrow - Acceptor. The triple "A" of diodes.
The anode is the name, The arrow is the triangular bit of the symbol and the fact that it is made from acceptors means it is P-type.
All the converse parts are true then.
The bar is the cathode, which is the made from donors which is N-type.
You may not care about the acceptor and donors aspect, but that is important for me.
My trick to remember Anodes and Cathodes in most electrical systems is to think of a CRT, which, as you all know, stands for Cathode Ray Tube. Most of you are also familiar with how it works; namely, it shoots (negative) electrons at a screen. Thus, Cathodes are usually the negative pole of an electrical system and thus, diodes point towards them.
It's a convoluted trick but it just clicks with me.