# Unipolar Hall current sensor signal conditioning for 5v ADC

Need help. I need to convert signal (0v to 5v) from Hall-based unipolar current sensor measuring the power line from the 84v 4kW battery pack to 5v MCU based ADC converter. Although both – the sensor and MCU-based ADC converter are unipolar, yet their ranges are different and mid-point shifted. This is fairly often needed task yet I was surprised to not find a complete answer neither here nor anywhere else. I have found post here Level shifting pedal output to 0-5V which largely shows the solution but some issues still remain. I'll cover whole of the task here so that other people who are searching for the same answers will have all the answers (with your help) here in one place. I chose the Tamura hall current sensor.

This sensor is similar to the most popular of this type HASS sensors from LEM with similar specs: Linear voltage output from input current, open loop , unipolar +5V power, 2.5v reference, rated output Vref + 1.5v = 4v (to be used for theoretical calculated calibration), Vout max >= 4.5v Measured current = 0 outputs 2.5v, saturation current in one direction produces 4.5v max, in another direction gives 0.5v min (hence swings around 2.5v from 0.5v to 4.5v) Output needs pull down using 10kOm resistor

My chosen op amp AD8052 is rail-to-rail 0-5v (source 5v). It will measure battery current so it flows in one direction only, I can use either positive or negative direction, I choose direction swing from the sensor from 2.5v (no current) to 4.5v (saturation). But I need a protection from accidental reverse current wire insertion into the hall loop. Resistors Calculation: gain G = 5v/(4.5-2.5) = 2.5 G = 1+ R4/R3 = 2.5 Choose R3=100k -> R4=150k (4.5 – Vref) * 2.5 = (5 – Vref) Vref = 4.17v Voltage divider R1=2k, R2=10k will produce ~4.17v

Unsolved "mysteries" : How does pull down 10k resistor effect the Op Amp input conditioning? Will it change the above calculations? How to add a protection from reverse hookup of sensed wire (voltage from sensor would fall below +2.5v) ? I intend to use two sensors for two ranges of sensitivity (100A and 300A), therefore one (100A) is intended to be for a long time in saturation. Will saturated op amp overheat?

Edit: datasheet for the Tamura sensors: Tamura L01Z100S05 sensor

Both the Hall sensor and the op-amp are powered from 0 - 5 V supply. It is impossible for either of their outputs to go negative or > +5 V. Figure 1. LM324 output stage (image from my answer in the post referenced in the OP's question) is typical of an amplifier output. The output can only be pulled high towards V+ by Q6 or to ground by Q13. There is nothing to pull it negative.

How does pull down 10k resistor effect the Op Amp input conditioning? Will it change the above calculations?

It won't have any affect.

How to add a protection from reverse hookup of sensed wire (voltage from sensor would fall below +2.5v)?

It's not needed the opamp will go towards +5 V or 0 V but will recover.

I intend to use two sensors for two ranges of sensitivity (100A and 300A), therefore one (100A) is intended to be for a long time in saturation. Will saturated op amp overheat?

The opamp won't but your sensor might if the current actually goes through it. Check the datasheet. Figure 2. Principle of operation of a Hall effect current sensor. Note that the core gap would typically be very small - just enough to slide the chip in and is open wide here for illustrative purposes. Source: Tamura Current Sensor Products.

Figure 2 shows a Hall sensor installed in the gap of a magnetic core.

• When the magnetic flux is vertical through the sensor as shown a reference or control current in the y-direction will produce a voltage at right-angles in the x-direction.
• The voltage will be proportional to the product of the reference current, Ic, and the magnetic flux.
• Since the magnetic flux in the core is proportional to the ampere-turns on the prmary conductor being measured we can amplify the Hall voltage to give a signal we can work with.
• Some on-board electronics (not shown) carry out the amplification and add an offset so that the device can sense current in both directions while being powered from a single supply.

Tamura sensor provides only two current specs: Saturation current (looks like a primary current, in this case 100A or 300A) and also "consumption current" Icc which is probably "secondary" current producing the output Icc<=15mA.

• Saturation current is the current at which the core is magnetically saturated. Any further increase in current will produce little or no increase in flux (or sensor output). Note that the saturation current is 1.25 times the rated current to give some headroom before saturation starts to take effect. (It's not a sharp limit.)
• The 15 mA will be made up of two parts.
• Some current to power the on-board electronics.
• The control current, Ic. This will be the main current draw and will be a fixed value chosen as a trade-off between increased sensitivity and power consumption.
• Power consumption will be given as $P = VI = 5 \times 15m = 75~mW$ as you correctly calculated.
• Thank you. I know that the voltage range for both sensor and opamp cannot deviate from 0-5v, my concern was only 0 to 2.5v from the sensor (reverse flow of battery bus). So I understand that you are saying that opamp will saturate (clip) at 0v - no damage... – VladBlanshey Jun 29 '16 at 23:54
• regarding your answer to my last question - Tamura sensor provides only two current specs: Saturation current (looks like a primary current, in this case 100A or 300A) and also "consumption current" Icc which is probably "secondary" current producing the output Icc<=15mA ... I guess they mean 15mA is the saturation current at saturation primary current. If so max power dissipation should be 75mW the most ... can't do any damage. Looks like you answered my remaining questions. Thank you, only 'transistor' can so well understand the internals of op amplifiers :) – VladBlanshey Jun 30 '16 at 0:09
• You didn't provide a link to the datasheet for the sensor so I can't answer your comment. – Transistor Jun 30 '16 at 6:47
• I just updated the original post to provide the specs of the sensor. – VladBlanshey Jul 3 '16 at 5:22
• Answer updated. Your opamp link in the OP is pointing to the Tamura page. It looks like a copy-and-paste bug! You might fix that for future generations. Thanks for accepting my answer. – Transistor Jul 3 '16 at 7:56