If you were pulling directly from the battery, 20 hours at 5 amps could be reasonable. The problem is that you aren't pulling from the battery directly, instead your UPS has electronics to convert DC to AC, and then your communication system probably has electronics to convert your AC back to DC.
You can roughly assume about a 50% efficiency when operating in this manor. With that assumption, lets look a bit about the power you are using.
Lets first convert to Watts as this will be the universal unit that can be used across voltages. 5 Amps at 12v is 60 Watts. I don't know anything about your communication system, but I will assume it could be pulling 60 Watts. If you take into effect the 50% efficiency, you will be pulling 120 Watts from the battery. It is a little hard for me to see the graph, but it looks like this will almost cut your life in half to about 11ish hours.
So 11ish hours is what you should be expecting at 25*C, but you are at -5*C, to make things easy I will assume it is actually at 0*C when you account for some electronics around it keeping it a little warmer. At this temperature you should be getting 85% efficiency, which brings your life down to 9.35 hours.
This is still more then the "less than 9 hours" that you are seeing, but I have also only roughly given some values. So I would say what you are seeing real world is within tolerance of my rough calculations meaning that there is nothing wrong with your UPS.
As a side note, I usually see people place backup generators in places that they might expect power outages for extended periods of time. The battery backup is there to pickup for the brief period before the backup generator kicks on and then also handles the transition back to grid power. Also many systems implement a battery backup that accesses the battery directly as to not have the DC->AC->DC conversion. I have seen this in security systems among many other places.