Will this circuit work to connect an lapel mic mic (expecting ~2.5v plugin/bias power) to an XLR input providing phantom power (I have a choice of 12 to 48v).
I assume the lav mic has a typical electret capsule / JFET type arrangement. It's got a TRS plug, though T&R seem to be shorted.
EDIT: the mic claims to have an impedance of 2.2KΩ Max.
EDIT: the circuit works, using 12v phantom, with a 100nF cap and a 10k resistor.
What disadvantages does it have compared to a more complex design such as those at http://www.epanorama.net/circuits/microphone_powering.html, and are there any simple alterations to improve it? Any rough suggestions for component values?
I'm expecting the resistor to limit the current/voltage to the mic, and attenuate any audio signal going to the ground. The capacitor would prevent the phantom power on cold being shorted to ground, whilst allowing audio to pass.
I'm trying to connect a cheap ($1 ebay special) electret mic to an XLR mic input, and power it with phantom power. I'm using a Zoom H5, so have a choice of 12-48v phantom. (I don't want to use a battery)
The mic works fine with the Zoom's plugin-power input (2.5v), giving a surprisingly good signal with very little noise, but I want to connect several to the H5, so need to use the XLR inputs (also want to use an H5 capsule, which the plugin-power socket disables). I'm aware I can buy XLR->Plugin Power adaptors, but they're pricy, as are lapel mics designed to plug into phantom. Also, I kinda want to see if there's a simple solution...!
In my final circuit, I've adjusted the resistor choices to account for the voltage drop on the phantom supply when under load. These values give about 3.5v on the mic, which gives a stronger signal than 2.5v, improving SNR, whilst keeping the DC resistance high enough that the supply doesn't drop too much.
50nF ceramic caps seemed to work best from the selection I had.
The circuit is still small enough that both the circuit and a 3.5mm socket will fit into the tail of an XLR plug.
The sound quality is great; it actually seems to out-perform the Zoom's built in plugin-power input, probably because the higher voltage increases the SNR.