To actively decelerate you require a 4-quadrant power-stage (H-bridge or 3phase inverter) but you also need the appropriate control. You mention "uni-polar" which would imply single-quadrant powerstage, this will need to be reviewed and corrected. Likewise your output voltage-loop/PWM stage needs to be adapted
Next you mention "Similar acceleration and deceleration" this requires a speed controller (which you have) and with appropriate powercore and voltage control loop stage you will naturally gain 4quadrant with rate of change control inherited from the main control loop (assuming your PI gains are appropriately set).
The issue then comes down to the recovered energy. When you decelerate you are transferring energy from the rotor and it will charge up your DClink. The rate of change of DClink voltage will be related to:
- DClink capacitance
- Rotor stored energy (0.5Jw^2)
- Control loop bandwidth with regards to deceleration.
The DClink voltage will rise, by how much depends on the 3 points above. You maybe able to mitigate the rise by increasing the capacitance value otherwise you will need to incorporate a DClink chopper circuit to discharge the DCLink