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I am trying to make a motion detector with a photodiode, and I am trying to trigger a 555 when the photodiode goes from dark to light (this will detect a person crossing the detector, and not stay on forever if ambient light changes).

I realized that to detect the changes in the light, I would need an inductor. This is the idea for a schematic I have so far:

enter image description here

The usual positive current during normal operation and the forward emf from the inductor when it goes from light to dark won't trigger the 2-pin of the 555, but when the photodiode goes from dark to light, the inductor will give a back-emf that I hope to capture with the 555 (I have the 555 part down :D).

However, I am worried that if the voltage is too much and the change of light is too slow, then the v=L*di/dt term from the inductor will be less than the forward voltage and the sum will still be positive, not triggering the 555.

My teacher had the idea to put that resistor before the photodiode so I could maybe lower the forward voltage so the di/dt could be greater than it. However, I think that this won't work because this will linearly lower the current, and thus linearly lower the di/dt term (cuz linearity of derivative and all that) thus achieving nothing.

Would this circuit work? What does one normally do to capture the back-EMF? Are there any other pitfalls or considerations for this? Keep in mind that I am very new to this circuitry stuff, so tell me if there is something obvious that I missed.

Thanks!

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  • \$\begingroup\$ BEMF is bad idea and doesn't improve SNR. But adding a synchronous IR Emitter to detect motion is a good idea. Using pulsed IR carrier and integrating the intensity should lead to a great sensitivity as long as there is no optical cross-talk. Look at Sharp/Vishay IR receivers parts with 100mA 5mm LEDs and/or IRDA 2 transceivers parts \$\endgroup\$ – Tony Stewart Sunnyskyguy EE75 Nov 5 '16 at 6:03
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I wouldn't use your circuit because the size of the inductor needed is going to be large and overall, the change in light level needed is going to be significant to get the 555 to trigger. I would however consider using a photodiode ampliier like this: -

enter image description here

So you start from a point of strength in that you can get a really good signal for only moderate changes in light intensity and R\$_F\$ can be lowered to reduce sensitivity. See also this google image page for hundreds of other ideas related to amplification of a photodiode.

What you need next is a simple high pass filter between V\$_{OUT}\$ and your 555: -

enter image description here

So now the RC circuit is replacing the LR circuit and you are dealing with components that are more manageable in size and cost. High pass filter circuits are found on this google image page.

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