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What are the filaments inside a bulbs such as:

https://www.amazon.co.uk/Bonlux-Dimmable-Filament-Incandescent-Replacement/dp/B01AL1WT4C/ref=sr_1_3?ie=UTF8&qid=1481966120&sr=8-3&keywords=led+filament+bulb+6w

What is the circuit?

Are there capacitors or resistors involved?

(LEDs normally drop 0.7V, not 230V. Typically, they are powered from DC, not AC. It would be very inefficient to drop the remaining 229.3V through a resistor, and a heat sink would be required, which I do not observe on these bulbs.)

How do LED light bulbs work? mentions the presence of a heat sink, which these bulbs do not have. These bulbs also seem to have no space for electronic components.

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marked as duplicate by Ignacio Vazquez-Abrams, Andy aka, ThreePhaseEel, Peter Smith, uint128_t Dec 18 '16 at 21:02

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

  • \$\begingroup\$ Exactly the same way that normal LED bulbs work. The only part that differs is the shape of the LEDs. \$\endgroup\$ – Ignacio Vazquez-Abrams Dec 17 '16 at 9:23
  • \$\begingroup\$ @IgnacioVazquez-Abrams Link? \$\endgroup\$ – fadedbee Dec 17 '16 at 9:34
  • \$\begingroup\$ @IgnacioVazquez-Abrams Thanks for the link, but that question says "has a large heatsink". \$\endgroup\$ – fadedbee Dec 17 '16 at 9:42
  • \$\begingroup\$ They all work the same way. \$\endgroup\$ – Ignacio Vazquez-Abrams Dec 17 '16 at 9:43
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    \$\begingroup\$ lots of series LEDs, to get up to a voltage much nearer to mains, then a current limiter \$\endgroup\$ – Neil_UK Dec 17 '16 at 9:44
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What are the filaments inside a bulbs

See Wiki - LED filament for the idea behind these lightbulbs. Quotation: -

The LED filament is composed of a series of LEDs on a transparent substrate, referred to as Chip-On-Glass (COG). These transparent substrates are made of glass or sapphire materials. This transparency allows the emitted light to disperse evenly and uniformly without any interference. An even coating of phosphor in a silicone resin binder material converts the blue light generated by the LEDs into a mixture of red, blue, and green light to create a specified light temperature. Degradation of silicone binder, and leakage of blue light are design issues in LED filament lights. Positive benefits of the LED design are potential higher efficiencies by the use of more LED emitters from lower driving currents – major benefit of the design is the ease with which near full 'global' illumination can be obtained from arrays of filaments.

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Picture taken from here

It's difficult to say how many LEDs are involved but if they are 3 volt LEDs and the mains is rectified and smoothed from 230 VAC to 324 V DC then 100 or so of these substrated LEDs might be used and also a current limiting resistor or transistor circuit.

What is the circuit?

It could be as simple as a bridge rectifier, smoothing capacitor and a linear current regulator with all the LEDs in series.

Are there capacitors or resistors involved?

Almost certainly.

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