I've been trying to understand EMF, specifically back EMF in electrical motors, such as for example a setup like this:
Say that we apply a voltage to the brushes. I understand that once the rotation gets going, a current will be induced by the changing flux inside the loop, and that this induced current is opposite to the current created by the external voltage. My understanding is that this results in a smaller net current in the loop, and this phenomenon is called back EMF.
However, I don't exactly understand "where" the EMF (which is a voltage?) appears. One explanation I've seen is this:
where the EMF appears as a voltage source in series with the motor resistance. While this may be a good way to explain how the current will behave, it doesn't seem to explain what actually goes on inside the motor. Surely, the EMF doesn't appear "before" the motor, but rather inside it. Should it then somehow be seen as being superimposed on the resistor? Where, in the first figure, would the EMF appear? Does it change the voltage across the brushes? Where does the "extra" voltage drop happen?