No. The touch-panel controllers that you'll have access to are designed for building capacitive button panels like those that might be found above your laptop keyboard or on the side of your TV, not for building high-resolution touchscreens. Quoting the datasheet:
16.0 CAPACITIVE SENSING MODULE
In a typical application, the capacitive
sensing module is attached to a pad on a Printed
Circuit Board (PCB), which is electrically isolated from
the end user. When the end user places their finger
over the PCB pad, a capacitive load is added, causing
a frequency shift in the capacitive sensing module.
For an example application, check out Sparkfun's MPR121 keypad, which uses an IC that performs a similar function as the capacitive module in your PIC.
You can build a rudimentary X-Y touch panel with 16 horizontal pixels and 16 vertical pixels (or 20 and 12, or whatever) by laying out your PCB like this:
As shown by the blue line, every other horizontal row is connected by a trace on the back side of the PCB.
Real touchscreens are constructed in a similar fashion, but have hundreds or thousands of these rows and as many channels. The rows and columns are laid in transparent metal layers of indium-tin oxide on glass layers. If you have to ask, it's probably not in your budget. If you really want a capacitive touchscreen, you'll be better off reverse-engineering the output of the OEM module with the capacitive sensing already built in. Note that your PIC16 doesn't have the horsepower required to decode this information; you'll need a big ARM processor or an FPGA for that.