My inkjet is about to run out of ink and I'm thinking of buying a laser printer to print the transparencies.

General process:

2 prints of PCB cut aligned and glued to each other > Pr-Sensitised PCB exposure > development and etching.

In general with the Inkjet I print several times on the same sheet and any offcut can then be attached to a paper A4 sheet for printing later on, minimal waste.

My concern in buying a laser is the heat and the possible warping of the transparency especially running it through several times.

Am I better of sticking with the inkjet due to the warping of the transparency that the laser can/could cause?

I included a pic to show that all these three PCBs were done in multiple print runs with one A4 transparency sheet on an inkjet. I don't know but I don't think I can do the same with a Laser printer.

Thanks all, but it seems lasers are to finicky. Right laser, sourcing and using the right transparency, then in future if I try to use the transfer method on non pre-sensitised boards it has to be the right toner for transfer.

One mistake or fault and cost of repair could be a nightmare. For the cost of repair/parts of a laser I can buy a dozen cheap new multifunction ink-jets that will last me 5+ years.

I may stick with the ink-jets, 100% success rate so far.

It just occurred to me that with a laser and using the transfer method (translucent paper 'crowie') I could just use the laser to create a silk screen then iron it on the PCB. I may see if I can buy a cheap second hand laser. It would be nice to have a cct board with a silk screen of sorts.

• It depends on the printer and foil how much it gets distorted, you'd have to try it out. Feb 6, 2017 at 10:45
• Some transparencies are made for laser printers, so they can survive the heat without warping. Don't put an incompatible transparency though, you'll make a mess. Feb 6, 2017 at 10:45
• For simple circuits I've always used translucent paper (bit like tracing paper) and printed with a laser printer. Works pretty well. Feb 6, 2017 at 11:07

First, thanks to all replies.

Second, A tip I discovered. I bought two second hand laser printers.

One, a multifunction for $40 that was a never used spare in an accounting firm. 8 years old but brand new and 90% toner in it (mono). The second for$10 a colour laser with 65% toner in it. Slight scratches on the far left of the drums but for printing A5 transperancies it's perfect.

1. Laser printing result on transperancy is better than Inkjet as it also only needs one print. Not two overlaped as with the inkjet.

2. I can also print a silk on transfer paper and then iron it on.

3. Minor draw back. Can only run transperancy through once before they start to warp. So planning is a must. Cutting A4 into A5 risks only minimal.

4. Lasers are big and heavy. But can't complain. More than happy with the result.

5. Never buy another new printer again.

Old desktop pen plotters, such as the old HP 7475A, can work spectacularly well for this purpose, in conjunction with technical drawing pens, and some 3D printed adaptors. Eagle CAD, being old, still has functions to export HPGL.

I've been able to go down to 0.18 mm trace width (~8 mil), and can succesfully do even small 0.5 mm pitch QFNs with relative ease.

The way I do it is by just plotting straight onto (freshly cleaned! else the ink won't stick!) copperclad board with ink, let it dry for a while, and etch. The ink selection is somewhat critical, but cheap shellac-based drawing inks do the job rather well, such as the Koh-I-Noor ones.

If you have a 3D printer handy, using the heated bed as a sort of hot-plate to speed up the ink drying is a nice lifehack.

A minor downside is that the pens do require maintenance. Another possible downside is that the plotting takes a few minutes on complex boards. The upside is that the ink is cheap, the precision is pretty great, and there's no mucking around with exposure times and such.

• Bump because it ended up on the frontpage. May 16, 2018 at 23:04
• I have used an old Roland flatbed plotter for this 25 years ago. The pens were a pain. Any recommendation for pens? May 16, 2018 at 23:35
• @Janka I'm using Reform Refograph pens, or rather just the nibs. I've made my own pen bodies that can actually be held by the HP. That was actually rather easy to make, as they seem to be using standard metric threads - the bodies worked the first go! Turns out there's at least one company still making new nibs of a different style. I've only got the plotter recently, so that's still subject to experimentation. May 16, 2018 at 23:36

You only need a black and white laser printer. The cheapest laser printer costs about double that of the cheapest inkjet. The cheapest inkjet cannot reliably work for printing masks, as sometimes there is a fine (0.05mm) gap between consecutive lines (i.e. solid areas are not solid but actually hatched, if looked under a microscope; and this passes UV). Also, high quality expensive ink is required for inkjet, while lower quality cheaper ink gives better result with lasers. Additionally, the laser ink will not dry up at the drop of a hat... it is already dry to begin with!

Transparencies in a laser will not warp if the correct heat setting is used. Any minor warp does not matter when pressed under a glass sheet. I've got 0.1mm traces with not much effort. Keep in mind that laser toner spreads about 0.05mm under the hot rollers, so clearance will increase by 0.05mm. It may be possible to get 0.05mm traces if this spreading is accounted for, and the photoresist film is properly affixed and exposed.

Laser printed transparencies will have to be made darker by going over them with some fine pigment ink (e.g. nano carbon ink from fluid ink refils, or nano carbon fountain pen ink), and then rubbing it off gently with dry soft tissue (2-3 rounds). It easily becomes dark enough to block out the sun when seen with naked eyes. For this, aftermarket lower quality inks may work better due to the lower wax content. I use a slightly higher heat setting.