I work of a project of single phase PFC converter and I need to define the working voltage to each each NET of Schematic to calculate creepage distance.

I have a question about the low voltage of NET including the driver of MOSFET( +15V) the sensing (+3.3V ) and also the low voltage of control board; it will be some class of high voltage of PFC (+380V)?

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1 Answer 1


How to define working voltage class net to calculate the creepage?

First you will need to get a copy of the standard that you want to design your product to. (Like IEC61010-1) This will depend on what kind of product it is and what market you are going to sell it in, I don't know which part of the IEC standards pertain to industrial products.

Then you will look at the table and determine the pollution degree:

Pollution Degrees and Overvoltages Pollution degree is divided into four categories. The following definitions are based on those in IEC 60664.3

• Pollution degree 1. No pollution or only dry, nonconductive pollution occurs. The pollution has no influence (example: sealed or potted products).

• Pollution degree 2. Normally only nonconductive pollution occurs. Occasionally a temporary conductivity caused by condensation must be expected (example: product used in typical office environment).

• Pollution degree 3. Conductive pollution occurs, or dry, nonconductive pollution occurs that becomes conductive due to expected condensation (example: products used in heavy industrial environments that are typically exposed to pollution such as dust).

• Pollution degree 4. Pollution generates persistent conductivity caused, for instance, by conductive dust or by rain or snow.

Your standard will have a table like this: enter image description here
Source for table and quote

You then have to keep every trace on a PCB X ammount of distance away from every other trace. So if its 480Vrms, and pollution deg 2 you need 2mm of clearance.

This is just an example, you need to find the spec that pertains to you. Get a regulatory consultant if necessary and\or buy the relevant standards (they aren't cheap)

  • \$\begingroup\$ Thank you : the creepage is defined as the distance along insulator between two conductor , and the clearance is distance measured am AIR between two conductor . So for example So if its 480Vrms, and pollution deg 2 you need 2mm of clearance ; and For +15Vrms ;pollution deg 2 you ->0.6mm of clearance ; th question is what distance between 480rms and 15Vrms ? Best regards \$\endgroup\$ Apr 11, 2017 at 15:30
  • \$\begingroup\$ In that example, You still need 2mm of clearance, this even means pins on relays and isolators \$\endgroup\$
    – Voltage Spike
    Apr 11, 2017 at 15:34
  • \$\begingroup\$ this rule applied also for current and voltage sensing ? because there will be in the same region of voltage \$\endgroup\$ Apr 11, 2017 at 15:39
  • \$\begingroup\$ Only the voltage level is considered from trace to trace \$\endgroup\$
    – Voltage Spike
    Apr 11, 2017 at 15:40
  • \$\begingroup\$ the voltage level of sensing is low but near of high voltage we consider the clearance of 2mm also? \$\endgroup\$ Apr 11, 2017 at 15:46

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