# What causes a transistor to enter into the saturation mode?

I'm looking into the construction of logic gates, and am wondering what conditions are need across emitter-base-collector in terms of both voltage and current to enter the saturation mode. For reference, I'm interested in npn type Bipolar Junction Transistors. Any help, and links, that you can give would be most appreciated, as I cannot find a unified answer to this.

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• 1. Perhaps better on the EE stack. 2. Look on the transistor data sheet. 3. Logic is nearly all CMOS, not bipolars these days. – Jon Custer May 12 '17 at 12:33
• Thank you for the comments. I realise that most systems are CMOS, but part of my task was to look at the development of the system. – Benedict Bunting May 12 '17 at 14:02

The easiest way to drive a transistor into saturation is to ensure you are providing copious amounts of base current, say $I_C/10$.