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What is the purpose of the capacitors (C4 and C5, 56 pF) used on the CANH and CANL lines?

And how do I calculate the values?

As shown in the attached image:

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These capacitors are to suppress CAN bus line transients high-frequency noise by conducting it to earth.

Their values will be a function of the expected noise and the line impedance. Is this circuit a recommended application circuit from a reputable source? If so, I would stay with the recommended values unless you have the equipment for diagnostic EMC testing readily to hand. Otherwise you can revise these values during initial EMC testing later.

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    \$\begingroup\$ I thought that the CAN bus was not sensitive to noise (due to CANH and CANL) \$\endgroup\$
    – M.Ferru
    May 22, 2017 at 9:21
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    \$\begingroup\$ @M.Ferru Just because the CAN data link is working doesn't mean the system will pass the required EMC tests. \$\endgroup\$
    – Andrew
    May 22, 2017 at 9:36
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    \$\begingroup\$ @M.Ferru, all signalling systems are sensitive to noise to different degrees, CAN is just less sensitive than others. But reducing EMC isn't to keep your system working, it's to stop your equipment interfering with other equipment around it. \$\endgroup\$
    – TonyM
    May 22, 2017 at 9:36
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    \$\begingroup\$ Thanks to all, @TonyM its already proven design so i would like to reuse it before my doubt cleared. Thanks for your help \$\endgroup\$
    – Ram_HW
    May 22, 2017 at 9:57
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    \$\begingroup\$ the can bus lines are probably terminated at either end by 130 ohms or so. The RC value of these capacitors times the line impedance defines a risetime which is probably picked to be some fraction of a bit time. That way there is no big effect on the signal but some attenuation of higher frequency noise. So the vaiue of the capacitors depends on what data rate you are operating at. If you want to decide if you are using the right capacitance, put a scope on your bus lines and swap in and out a few capacitors. \$\endgroup\$
    – electrogas
    Jun 20, 2017 at 4:34

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