AC measurement with CT - Input circuit Hi there

I am developing a AC current measurement device based on Current transformer. I was taking a look to many questions related with this subject but in this case I would need some help regarding the microcontroller chip input circuitry. As you can see from the attached schematics Fig.1 and fig. 2 were taken from other questions, so these ones inspired me partially to implement the input protection for my circuit. As reference I am using a SOC chip MCU, precisely PSoC 5LP from Cypress. As CT, I am using 2000:1- 30 A/15 ma - R burden :10 ohm.
The following link is the data sheet for the CT. (https://dlnmh9ip6v2uc.cloudfront.net/datasheets/Sensors/Current/ECS1030-L72-SPEC.pdf )

In fig 3 ( dash lines are a issue I have with the editor), I'm showing a resistor divider 560k / 560k and a couple of capacitors for decoupling the central point of the voltage divider.

My question is regarding the value that should have the resistor R_4 that limit the current after the burden resistor_3.

Looking at the PSoC 5LP data sheet regarding the absolute maximum ratings for a input pin, in this case is the OP-AmP_1 input, the min current should be -30 ma and max should be 41 ma. The maximum input voltage for the pin should be 3.3 V + 0.5 V. I'm using one of two option 3.3v or 5V as VDD. I would like some hint about how calculate that resistor value.

My other question is if 1N4148 can protect the input , I am not sure . Should I use Shottky diodes?

Thank you very much for some help.


1 Answer 1


For those currents the burden voltage is in the +0.5 to -0.5V range resulting in an input voltage between 1V - 2V. If the current exceeds those limits you want a clamping device with a forward voltage of less than 0.5V, so the 1N4148 wont work. Shottky diodes have a lower forward voltage. Use R4 to limit the current flowing trough the clamping device. Look at the V-I plot of a diode to determine at which current you get the desired forward voltage.

  • \$\begingroup\$ Thank you, can you clarify how you get +5 to -0.5 burden voltage? \$\endgroup\$
    – Saturn777
    May 29, 2017 at 15:58
  • \$\begingroup\$ Not exactly +-0.5V. Ohms law and KCL. \$\endgroup\$
    – kva
    May 29, 2017 at 17:01

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