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This question already has an answer here:

Most Electric cars these days use Brushless DC Motors. However recently someone told me that Tesla cars use Induction motor (AC) instead? Why is it so? Are DC Brushless Motors feasible compared to Induction motor?

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marked as duplicate by Matt Young, pipe, Bruce Abbott, DoxyLover, Charles Cowie Jun 5 '17 at 11:36

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

  • \$\begingroup\$ I disagree with your assertion that most electric cars use D.C. motors. Many home-built EVs use D.C. motors but commercially built EVs generally use AC motors. The Nissan Leaf, for example, uses a 3-phase AC motor. \$\endgroup\$ – DoxyLover Jun 5 '17 at 5:56
  • \$\begingroup\$ The 3rd party change of the question to compare brushless DC motors is quite dubious - and invalidates Kevin's answer about brushed motors below. Kind of a moot point as the linked duplicate accommodates either, but edits which change the meaning of a question absent input from the asker and in so doing invalidate previously applicable answers cannot be permitted. \$\endgroup\$ – Chris Stratton Jun 12 '17 at 23:10
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Tesla does use induction motors where virtually all other electric car makers use permanent magnet synchronous motors. The two types work very similarly and there are advantages and disadvantages to both.

It is mainly historical that Tesla uses induction motors (as well the fact that Tesla invented the induction motor over 100 years ago). Teslas started life using motors and controllers from AC Propulsion that happen to use induction motors.

All motors are AC at some point (except for homopolar motors). The differences are where the conversion from DC to AC occurs.

In a conventional DC motor the conversion is mechanical in the commutator. It has the disadvantages of limited lifetime, sparking, efficiency and also is not as amenable to computer control.

When Induction motors or Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors the conversion from DC to AC happens in an electronic inverter that gives a great deal of control over the speed, torque and regeneration in the car.

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