# Unity Gain Op-amp Buffer Noise

Recently I designed a circuit to reduce an input signal by 10x. The design uses a resistor-divider network and then a unity op-amp. The signal is appropriately scaled but there appears to be a ton of ripple / noise in the output. The input signal is -1V to 1V @ 100 KHz and output is a motion control DAC.

I am using a TI OPA188 OpAmp with a +12V / -12V power supply. On both power supplies I have a 1uF ceramic, 100 uF electrolytic and 10 uF tantalum capacitor, and then directly next to the OPA188 I have 0.1uF decoupling capacitor. The schematic is this (note the part is OPA188 not OPA140):

Thoughts:

• Do I need to do something with the power (filter?) from the switching power supplies (TDK-Lambda LS25-12)?
• I do not have a resistor or capacitor on the feedback from op amp output to negative. Does that cause instability? Ditto with the output - I drive the output directly to the remote ADC, no resistor. Error?
• Did I make a poor choice - is this op amp not suited to unity gain buffer?

The noise is periodic, at least 200 mV pk-pk (a deal-killer as noise like that is directly picked up by the ADC control circuit). The output cable is a typical BNC 50 Ohm cable, ~3' long, high impedance ADC controller at the other end.

Added - picture of noise (op-amp -> 3' BNC cable -> scope):

Added - picture of -12V power rail and op-amp output

• "directly next to the OPA188 I have 0.1uF decoupling capacitor" A capacitor? Not 2? – WhatRoughBeast Jun 16 '17 at 23:06
• YOu cable is an antenna and your inputs unbalanced therefore you have massive Common Mode 60 Hz modulated SMPS noise? plus motor noise? . Switch to a matched impedance differential amp using shielded twisted pair for both DC power , and motor and also position feedback with shield to nearby source earth ground only. THen add ferrite sleeve to DC twisted pair wires and also to feedback signals. FLoating power sources and switched loads make great noise generators. – Sunnyskyguy EE75 Jun 16 '17 at 23:46
• I agree with Tony - it does look suspiciously like a switching power supply is generating noise that is being picked up by the scope. Try connecting the input of the coax to itself rather than to the amplifier - leave the ground connected to see if the cabling is picking up the noise. – Kevin White Jun 17 '17 at 0:19
• As in the comment by @John - you need to set the scope to unity gain probe (it shows 10x) if you are connecting it directly. If you are not connecting directly then you should be to measure noise. – Kevin White Jun 17 '17 at 0:22
• FYI - yes two 0.1uF decoupling capacitors – bode Jun 17 '17 at 0:40

According to the data sheet the part an auto-zeroing opamp. OPA188 datasheeet

If you don't need the very low offset voltage I don't recommend this type of opamp as they often have a significant amount of clock feedthrough.

(I answered a similar question hereIdentifying Source of Periodic Artifact at Op-Amp Output)

What is "a ton of ripple / noise in the output"?

What noise do you see on the power supply (especially the negative supply as many opamps are sensitive to that)?

Make sure it is not a measurement artifact - connect the scope probe to ground near the opamp, if the noise does not go away it may be due to the way you are grounding the scope.

EDIT : I initially had the wrong part number, the one you have on the schematic.

• FYI I am using a BNC (50 ohm coax) directly to the oscilloscope. I will (try) to measure the power supply noise. The noise has been all over the place but it is definitely significantly greater than the source voltage (the PCB has a bypass mode so I can measure both). As far as auto-zero I do not need that feature - is there a better op-amp you'd recommend? – bode Jun 16 '17 at 22:57
• What is the frequency of the noise? Are you driving the coax directly from the opamp? You may need to add a series resistor (20-100 ohm) between the opamp and the coax to avoid instability. – Kevin White Jun 16 '17 at 22:59
• Note that with a direct coax you need to set the probe to 1X. – John Birckhead Jun 16 '17 at 23:39
• To clarify: picture 1 (ch2 only) is @ 1x probe (BNC cable). Picture 2 (ch 1 + ch 2) is @ 10x because I am using a 10x probe on the power supply (the BNC is still plugged in). That's why the CH2 scale is smaller (20x smaller, so spikes are 2x bigger). – bode Jun 17 '17 at 0:46
• OK, sorry my misinterpretation. – Kevin White Jun 17 '17 at 2:03

You have a fair bit of capacitive loading on the op-amp from the scope input and coax.

As @KevenWhite said above in a comment, you should add something like 51$\Omega$ in series with the op-amp output (right at the output) if you want to use a direct x1 connection to your scope and further connections to the rest of your system.

As far as what might be triggering the impulses, look for switching power supplies (including possibly a brick on the scope itself- even a Tek scope- it happens) and move any cell phones well away from your lashup.

• Notice OP changed what op-amp they said they're using, and the new one has more overshoot than the OPA140 with 50 ohms between it and a capacitive load. – The Photon Jun 17 '17 at 4:03
• I do see a ton of noise out of the SMPS. What would the basic idea be to fix it? Is it "filter" or is it "use an LDO to regulate -12V to -10V and 12 to 10V", especially since I do not ever approach the rails? – bode Jun 17 '17 at 15:56