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I'm trying to use TFT display with ILI9341 8080 16 bit interface with STM32F407 via FSMC. I'm using HAL. To explain a bit more, for ILI9341 command registers only lower 8 bits of the bus are used, full 16 bit bus width is only used for transfer of image data (in RGB 565 format). I tested the program before with identical display configured with 8080 8 bit interface and it worked flawlessly.

I have image data in MCU memory in uint16_t format and use

HAL_SRAM_Write_16b

for transfer of image data and

HAL_SRAM_Write_8b

for transfer of commands and command parameters.

Now, when I select

hsram1.Init.MemoryDataWidth = FSMC_NORSRAM_MEM_BUS_WIDTH_8;

everything works fine, only image data (colours and resolution) are wrong of course, because ILI9341 has only lower 8 bits of data (blue and half of the green bits) and upper 8 bits are zero. As soon, as I select

hsram1.Init.MemoryDataWidth = FSMC_NORSRAM_MEM_BUS_WIDTH_16;

display shows black and grey stripes for a second and then just goes white – error state.

I use A16 for command / data selection, therefore address of command memory is 0x60000000 and data memory 0x60010000, hopefully same for 8 bit and 16 bit bus width?

Question: Can anybody explain to me, how data transfer in FSMC_NORSRAM_MEM_BUS_WIDTH_16 mode works, more precisely when I use HAL_SRAM_Write_16b (or HAL_SRAM_Write_8b) in this mode, if the data are sent one 16 bit (or 8 bit aligned to lsb) word per time frame, or if the MCU somehow distorts / combines them.

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    \$\begingroup\$ How are the IM pins (to select the interface mode) configured on your display? There are 8 different parallel bus options between 8/9/16/18-bits and either mode I or mode II for all of them. \$\endgroup\$ – brhans Jun 28 '17 at 11:16
  • \$\begingroup\$ @brhans I'm using ER-TFTM024-3 display on pre-made PCB from buydisplay.com on which IM pins should be already connected. According to datasheet it should be 8080 16-bit mode I. \$\endgroup\$ – wildfireheart Jun 28 '17 at 11:50
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Turns out that address bits differ between 8-bit and 16-bit addressing mode. In 8-bit addressing it's mapped to bits [0-23] and in 16-bit to [1-24], so if you want to use A16 pin as CMD / DATA selection, the address of DATA transfer is 0x60010000 in 8-bit mode and 0x60020000 in 16-bit.

Source: STM32F4 Reference Manual: 36.4.1 NOR/PSRAM address mapping

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