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Could anyone help me identify what component this is, it's value and explain how they could tell. I would like to be able to do this myself but turned a blank on Google.

What ever it is, it appears to be a short and has burnt the trace in the picture.

The component in question with broken trace visible

Board with component removed

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  • \$\begingroup\$ It could be a transient suppressor (TVS). Is it connected to red wire or not? Where the terminal with soldered wire goes to? \$\endgroup\$ – Marko Buršič Jul 29 '17 at 10:25
  • \$\begingroup\$ The thinner red wire I added when poking around, the thicker red wire goes to +12v. This is a UHF radio uniden.com.au/RESOURCES_MAIN/pdfs/UH_8060S_OM.pdf \$\endgroup\$ – Engelon Jul 29 '17 at 10:34
  • \$\begingroup\$ assuming the red and black wires are the usual way round, is the diode not the wrong way round for a TVS? \$\endgroup\$ – Jack B Jul 29 '17 at 10:38
  • \$\begingroup\$ No, never mind, I'm blind... \$\endgroup\$ – Jack B Jul 29 '17 at 10:58
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Diode

You can tell becasue:

  • The identifier on the PCB starts with D
  • It has a white band printed on one end of the case, marking the cathode
  • The case it is in (rectangular plastic, pins stick out the ends and are folded under) is typical of a diode.

Unfortunately there are a great many types and values of diode out there, and working out which it is will be trickier. You may have to reverse engineer some of the surrounding circuit and infer what it is from that, then check if the markings match.

TVS diode, in fact

From your comments, I see those red and black wires are probably power supplies, and the diode is connected across them. Here are a couple of common reasons to connect diodes on power rails:

  • Overvoltage protection. One can put a diode across a power line in order to catch overvoltages. The diode is normally non-conducting, but when there's a higher-than-intended voltage, it becomes conducting and shorts it out. Of course, this means lots of power dissipated in the diode and the tracks leading to it. If the overvoltage is a very short spike (transient) then the diode survives. If not, then the diode can burn out, and the overvoltage reaches the circuit it was supposed to be protecting. To stop that, one should use a fuse - so that the high current passing through the diode blows the fuse, disconnecting the circuit from the high voltage. If there is no fuse, it could easily burn out the track in a similar way to the photo. The types of diode used for this are called TVS diodes.

  • Reverse polarity protection. Especially when you're using batteries, it sometimes makes sense to protect against reverse polarity. One cheap but not very efficient way to do that is with diodes. But then you'd expect them in series with the battery, not connected across.

  • Rectifiers. If you have AC and want DC, then you'd see one to four diodes working as a rectifier. But that's probably not what you have here - from the manual, it sounds like it's DC powered.

The actual part, and it's values

So now we know that we're probably looking for a TVS diode. At this point, it really helps to know common part numbers, in which case you might know that 1N56xx is a series of TVS diodes. Otherwise, it's off to google with searches like "tvs diode 5657" and see what you find. Todor's answer probably has it right there. He's found a 100V TVS diode, which might sound like quite a high voltage, but maybe it's there to soak up the really big spikes and there's something else further along which can take the smaller ones.

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  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ And "C" presumably marks the Cathode (although I usually use the letter "K") \$\endgroup\$ – Dirk Bruere Jul 29 '17 at 10:32
  • \$\begingroup\$ There are also good websites that relate the short marking code with part numbers. Marking codes often turn up blank on google. \$\endgroup\$ – Joren Vaes Jul 29 '17 at 10:32
  • \$\begingroup\$ Is there any way of making an educated guess of its values \$\endgroup\$ – Engelon Jul 29 '17 at 11:02
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There is a 1N5657 which is a trough-hole TVS diode with 100V rating, 81V standoff voltage. This may be a SMD version from another manufacturer, but I can't find a datasheet to confirm.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ @PeterJ Thanks, it is in SMC package, rather than SMA, but is close enough. \$\endgroup\$ – Todor Simeonov Jul 29 '17 at 10:48

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