I have a power cord that is supposed to supply an appliance with 12V D/C power. The power cord has positive and negative leads. One lead has the typical writing on it which could identify it as the positive lead but I don't want to assume that because the appliance that is being powered is very expensive to replace, so I am hoping I can identify which lead is which with a multimeter however I am confused about whether or not this can be done if there is no current running through the power cord. In other words, I have the appliance which the power cord is plugged into and the the other end of the power cord is cut. I tried touching the exposed wires with the multimeter leads but there is no reading at all. It does read accurately when I test various batteries so I know the multimeter works fine but that is what made me think I need to run some kind of battery power through the cord in order to test the polarity of the wires??
To find out which of the two leads go where at the jack connector on the other side is quite easy and you don't need any external power source for that.
Just use your multi-meter to measure the resistance between the leads and the two sides of the connector (internal and external). So put one probe of the multi-meter on one lead and then check with the second probe which of the connector sides gives you around 0Ω.
But this of course doesn't tell you where you should connect the positive and where the negative potential. For this to know for sure you have to find the appliance specifications / data sheet.
All the devices I have seen until today that use such a connector, they always use the outer part of the connector for the negative potential and the inner part for the positive one.
That should be the standard way of wiring it, but as I said you have to find information about your device to be able to know that without guessing.
It only took me five minutes to find the manual for your ATIK Camera, then another minute to find the page that references the power jack.
(Do some research, if I had a $900.00 camera I would do the research my self)
Go to this link for the manual for your camera;
Go to page 5, section 3.1 it states that the power connection is "center positive"
If you now want to know which lead or wire is connected to the center post of the power jack, simply run a continuity test;
Place the selector of your Volt-Meter (VM) on the continuity test mode setting
Place the VM's red or black lead on the center post of the jack
Place the VM's other lead on one of the two wires connected to the jack
If the result of the test is a tone or the display of the VM indicates a positive test (0 resistance reading indicating a closed circuit), then label the wire and its polarity with a piece of tape
If the test indicated an open connection then place the lead on the other wire and record the result, if this is the correct wire label it with a piece of tape.
if neither test were positive test the VM's functionality by shorting the leads of the VM together. If the VM functionality test is positive but neither of the power jack assemblies wire's tests were positive - the power jack assembly could be damaged.
There should be no problem measuring the polarity of a conductor. However there does need to be some sort of current source on the wire. ie. A battery, or power supply. You say that the "cord" you have is supposed to supply 12v DC, so assuming that your "cord" is actually a AC/DC transformer or "power brick" as it's sometimes called. You should be able to plug in the cord, taking care not to allow the ends of the cord touch each other, and then take your multimeter probes to the two wires. If the voltage readout is something like (12.48) then that means the wire you have the red probe on is positive and the wire you have the black probe on is negative. If however it shows something like (-12.48) then that means the polarity is reversed, and the wire you have the black probe attached to is actually positive and the one with the red probe is actually negative. They're just switched in this scenario.
Please let me know if this explanation helps you, I can comment instead of post on my own posts since my rep is below 50.