I have a problem understanding the following Wheatstone bridge circuit. It originates from a temperature controller, the voltage V_out is supplied to a PID regulator and hence can be seen as an error signal. V_out is zero when the thermistor resistance matches the value of the reference resistor.
I'd like to understand the purpose of the OP-AMP in the Wheatstone bridge and how I can model it on paper. Additionally, what is the (dis-)advantage to the more common way of e.g. this circuit?