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This question already has an answer here:

I'm covering my workbench with a ESD mat (3100x900mm). Will install 4 x ESD Sockets under the workbench as well (See below)

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After i will connect everything to a ESD EU Plug:

enter image description here

In the end mat and sockets will both connect to EU ESD plug My real question is if theres a problem with that connection, because the ESD sockets already have 1Mohm and the EU plug have another 1Mohm, that connection will make a 2Mohm resistance. Plus if i use a wrist band with another 1Mohm resistor that result in a final 3Mohm to earth.

Will that decrease the effectiveness? or will be just fine? Result:

enter image description here

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marked as duplicate by PeterJ, Voltage Spike, Kevin Reid, winny, Dave Tweed Sep 30 '17 at 11:36

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

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ESD protection is a huge subject, with many differing opinions - e.g. partly because a technique which is successful in some situations, is not successful in others, leading to disagreements especially when all the differences between those situations are not disclosed. Also, just because someone has not knowingly caused ESD damage to equipment, does not necessarily mean that they are using enough ESD prevention. Not all ESD damage will be noticed immediately afterwards...

Although there are documented ESD standards (including ANSI/ESD S20.20 which I mention below) it is also possible for companies to enforce different requirements than listed in the various standards. There is no guaranteed "one size fits all" set of ESD procedures, especially when cost and practicality are considered, as well as effectiveness.

However for a typical commercial ESD workbench, there is an answer to your question - with some caveats:

My real question is if theres a problem with that connection, because the ESD sockets already have 1Mohm and the EU plug have another 1Mohm, that connection will make a 2Mohm resistance. Plus if i use a wrist band with another 1Mohm resistor that result in a final 3Mohm to earth.

Will that decrease the effectiveness? or will be just fine?

As you suspected, there will be a very small reduction in effectiveness due to the higher 3 MΩ resistance to ground, compared to a 1 MΩ resistance.

However, you should also consider the wider context. Both ANSI/ESD S20.20 and IEC 61340-5-1 give an upper limit for the resistance of the "wrist strap system" of 35 MΩ (often written as 3.5 x 10E7 Ω or 3.5 x 107 Ω in those and other ESD-related documents). That resistance limit is from the hand of the person, via their skin, wriststrap cuff, built-in 1 MΩ resistor, wire etc., all the way to ground.

Therefore as you can see, increasing the resistance in the wiring from 1 MΩ to 3 MΩ is very unlikely to cause the total resistance to ground (RTG in the documentation) to exceed 35 MΩ. You should be fine :-)

Strictly, the "daisy-chaining" of the workbench grounding points shown in your diagram does not meet best practice guidelines. Better is to create an ESD "common grounding point" (sometimes called "common point ground") for the whole workbench, and use "star connections" from each workbench grounding point, to the common grounding point. You will see that recommended in detailed ESD workbench guidelines e.g. figure 4-2 in the NASA document I mention below.

Also, before using the earth pin of your power socket as your ESD ground, ideally you would want to ensure that this really is a good earth connection e.g. not a high resistance, not swapped earth-to-neutral due to faulty wiring etc.

Overall, there are many other factors in creating and regularly testing a "best practices" ESD installation - too many factors to include here. As an example of a full set of ESD documentation, here is the "NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC) Procedures and Guidelines for Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Control of ESD-Sensitive (ESDS) Devices Program". Very little of that is specific to spacecraft; almost all is applicable in a commercial situation too.

If you want to read it, a "watermarked" copy of the current version of ANSI/ESD S20.20 (ANSI/ESD S20.20-2014) can be downloaded from here, after registration, although sometimes it seems to fail after doing only a partial download:
https://www.esda.org/standards/complimentary-downloads/

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    \$\begingroup\$ Thank you for such extensive explanation! It dissipate my questions. Regards \$\endgroup\$ – Tiago Conceição Sep 20 '17 at 18:21
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The setup looks fine. No it will not decrease its effectiveness.

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