I was attempting to charge a LiPo battery using a bench power supply as described by Dave Jones.
The battery is a PowerTech 18650 2600 mAh 3.7V model SB2308. The datasheet appears to be here.
The relevant part of the datasheet is:
I didn't quite understand the charging rate of
0.2C5 A - would that be 0.25 C (650 mA)? I thought that, if you used the units symbol in the middle of the number it would be at the decimal position (ie. "0C25 A").
To be safe I charged at 0.2C (520 mA) with the supply configured to switch to constant voltage at 4.18V.
I charged for almost 5 hours, monitoring the voltage, like this:
However at the end of that time I noticed that the cathode was about 75°C, and the anode was about 95°C. This seems somewhat hot to me. The datasheet says the charge temperature should be 25°C, but I took that to be the ambient temperature, not the battery terminal temperature.
My questions are:
- Is a terminal temperature during charging of 95°C too high?
- If so, what should it be?
- If so, why would this have happened to a new battery? In other words, what is wrong with my technique?
- Is it possible that charging at a lower than recommended rate be the reason?
The battery had been discharged at 520 mA rate to 3V before charging commenced.
How did you measure the terminal temperatures, and what temperature did the main body of the cell get up to?
I had been periodically touching the cell body with my finger, and it seemed to stay at room temperature. I accidentally brushed my finger against the terminal and got a mild burn. At that stage I tested the temperature with the temperature probe from my multimeter.
But maybe the heat is coming from the charger or a poor connection at one of the terminals is heating up, etc.
I didn't think of that, but perhaps a slightly poor connection between the battery holder and the battery terminal, carrying half an amp for hours, would heat it up.
Some comments and answers have suggested that there was a poor connection between the battery holder and the battery. Below are images of the terminals in question:
The cathode in particular seems to have a blob of plastic or something on top of it. Measurement with a multimeter seems to indicate that there might be a resistance of 10 ohms depending on where the contact is made.