The AT32UC3C ADC can be set up using either internal or external references as seen in Table 36-8. For any type of voltage reference used, the datasheet suggests that the ADC is capable of converting negative and positive voltage levels. However, Table 40-30 mentions that the ADC input voltage range is 0V to VDDANA, and the absolute maximum rating in section 40.1 mentions that the absolute minimum on ANY pin should be -0.3V. It appears I shouldn't really be feeding in a negative voltage.
So my question is, how does one read a negative ADC value given the electrical ratings on the pins? Wouldn't the pin just blow up because it can't accept negative voltage values?
EDIT: I realized I phrased the question more as how to measure negative ADC values in general. However, my real question is really about why UC3C specifies negative voltage for its ADC conversion range, so Spehro's answer is the one I am looking for.