I have been playing around with some digital microphones, which have an I2S interface. I managed to get it working (Arduino board with small I2S mems board). At least, I think I did.
When reading the I2S specification, or the microphone datasheet, I can not seem to find the answer to the following simple questions; 1. What do the digital values represent? 2. How do you convert the digital values to dbFS (and then later an dbSPL)?
The SPH0645LM4H-B (Knowles) microphone seems to output all negative values (?). I read somewhere you have to "subtract the midpoint" to eliminate the large DC offset etc. (See here: Convert Digital and Analog values to dB SPL ) On the other hand, a support engineer at Invensense explained to me that the ICS-43434 outputs positive and negative values which "represent the amplitude of the signal relative to +/-full scale".
I expected I2S to be a standard; isn't that the case ... ?