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I am noobi in soldering and don't have much knowledge to identify components, i have a lot of Capacitors and resisters, now i want to know if i need 10U 25V Capacitor from what i have stock than how i check and select correct one, if Digital Multi Meter set to 200 Ohms range than what ohms reading it will show if i want 10U 25V? in case if i don't have 10U 25V than what will be alternate, i am trying to fix my laptop motherboard charging section so need to replace 10U 25V Capacitor, below is 10U 25V Capacitor which i need to replace from motherboard, enter image description here any help will be apprenticed, Thanks.

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closed as unclear what you're asking by Chris Stratton, pipe, Lior Bilia, Voltage Spike, Bimpelrekkie Nov 16 '17 at 6:49

Please clarify your specific problem or add additional details to highlight exactly what you need. As it's currently written, it’s hard to tell exactly what you're asking. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • \$\begingroup\$ This question is based in a misunderstanding of capacitance, and it's not even clear why you think that particular capacitor needs replacing (it most likely does not). \$\endgroup\$ – Chris Stratton Nov 15 '17 at 2:50
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    \$\begingroup\$ If you don't refuse to tell why you think the capacitor needs to be replaced, then you should actually tell us why. Don't expect us to go search through your post history to understand the context of this question, \$\endgroup\$ – The Photon Nov 15 '17 at 3:05
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    \$\begingroup\$ If you actually understood what capacitance was, you'd realize your question is nonsense. Step back and describe the actual problem, and there's a chance some practical help with that might leak through while your question is on its way to closure. \$\endgroup\$ – Chris Stratton Nov 15 '17 at 3:06
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    \$\begingroup\$ @The101: The site has thousands of questions by new users. They are welcome here provided they abide by the site rules. "... my attitude is totally ok ..." OK. No point in further discussion. Bye. \$\endgroup\$ – Transistor Nov 15 '17 at 5:10
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    \$\begingroup\$ Wanting to use an ohm-meter to measure a capacitor to fix the charging circuit is like wanting to use measuring cups to figure out the size of the lug nuts on a car to change them out because the car doesn't start. There's no issue asking such a question as someone inexperienced, but insisting that the lug nuts are keeping the car from starting without any explanation as to why you think that is the case will only serve as frustration for everyone. \$\endgroup\$ – W5VO Nov 15 '17 at 6:43
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When you test a capacitor with an ohmeter you will get a measurement. But it's very hard to correlate the ohmeter reading with the capacitance of the capacitor, so the measurement is not very useful.

What you read with the ohmeter depends on the details of the design of your multimeter (how much current or voltage it uses for its resistance measurement) and will typically depend on how long since you contacted the capacitor with the probes, and the state of charge on the capacitor when you made contact.

If you measure the capacitor without removing it from the circuit board, it will also depend on all the other components connected to the same nodes on the board.

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A capacitors' resistance is reactive. The resistance measurement will depend on a few factors. The formula for capacitive reactance is Xc = 1/(2 pi F C). Where "Xc" is capacitive reactance (resistance), "pi" is the number pi, "F" is the frequency of the signal through the capacitor, and "C" is the measurement of the capacitor in Farads. In other words, you can't just put a multi meter on a capacitor, and measure it's ohm's. The Ohm reading of a capacitor is dependent upon the frequency going through it and it's capacitance value.

But, to answer your question, If the new capacitor that you have is marked "10U 25V" properly and the markings are correct, it should work. It should be somewhat safe to assume that the original designer used the proper component when the circuit was originally designed.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ yes capacitors are new but there is no marking on it since they are SMD capacitors so how i know if i have "10U 25V" capacitor? how do i check this with multi-meter? \$\endgroup\$ – The 101 Nov 15 '17 at 2:47
  • \$\begingroup\$ SMD components usually have markings. You might need a magnifying glass to read them though. What makes you think that the capacitor is bad? The only way to check the value if you are unsure and there are no markings would be to create a test circuit and preferably have an oscilloscope and function generator for the greatest accuracy. \$\endgroup\$ – CigEmacs Nov 15 '17 at 2:52
  • \$\begingroup\$ Of course there is another way, get a capacitance meter and test the capacitors OUT of circuit. I was assuming that you did not have a capacitance meter earlier. I think that you are more likely to have a capacitance meter instead of a function generator and oscilloscope though. Just a guess. \$\endgroup\$ – CigEmacs Nov 15 '17 at 3:01
  • \$\begingroup\$ @CigEmacs, the devices shown in OP's picture almost certainly don't have markings. \$\endgroup\$ – The Photon Nov 15 '17 at 3:07
  • \$\begingroup\$ I was actually referring to his "New" capacitors. But what new components have you ever received that don't at least have markings on the packaging as to what exactly they are? I guess that they aren't new then? \$\endgroup\$ – CigEmacs Nov 15 '17 at 3:13

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