# Variable capacitors (capacitive microphone)

Why in this circuit

$$V_{out}=\frac{C_1}{C_1+C_2} V_{cc}$$ and not $$V_{out}=\frac{C_2}{C_1+C_2} V_{cc}$$?

The instructor drew also this picture:

but nothing is reported on x-axis and y-axis. Can you help me to understand its meaning? Many thanks

Your instructor is right :) Impedance of capacitor is inversely proportional to it's capacitance. $$V_{out}=V_{cc}\frac{\frac{1}{j\omega C_{2}}}{\frac{1}{j\omega C_{2}}+\frac{1}{j\omega C_{1}}}=V_{cc}\frac{C_{1}}{C_{2}+C_{1}}$$
$$V_o = \frac{\dfrac{1}{C_2}}{\dfrac{1}{C_2} + \dfrac{1}{C_1}} V_{cc}$$