# How to calculate capacitor and resistors on virtual ground circuit?

How do I calculate the resistors and the capacitor on this circuit, which has ground and virtual ground as you can see?

In the second image, how do I find the current I2?

• It depends on load and tolerance Dec 21, 2017 at 18:40
• It is a circuit with 4 op-amps. So I calculate everything in order to find the current it needs and then I calculate the resistors and the capacitor of the above circuit right? Dec 21, 2017 at 18:48
• 1) 50mA is too much for an Op Amp and feedback current has nothing to do with input bias current I2. If output is in linear range Vin+=Vin- Dec 21, 2017 at 21:29
• Let's say instead of 50mA, it is 10mA. I suppose even in this case I cannot calculate I2, right? Dec 21, 2017 at 21:35
• Correct I2 is a device dependent and often in uA range Dec 21, 2017 at 21:57

## 1 Answer

That is not a great method to use if you have more than one or two low current circuits attached to it.

The issue is any current passing back through that virtual ground has to make it through those resistors and changes the reference point. As such the resistors need to be small, which wastes a lot of current. The capacitors need to be fairly large regardless.

You would be better to use a more active circuit. Note the doubled up capacitors. This ensures a faster on time since they automatically charge up to half rail.

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

As mentioned in the comments, op-amps are only good for a limited amount of current. If you need more than that there are specialized devices for this or you should be considering a proper dual-supply.

• Better than the original circuit, but lots of op amps can't sink more than a couple of tens of mA. If you need more than that, best to go with a real "rail splitter", like the TLE2426, or boost the opamp with a transistor Dec 21, 2017 at 20:04
• Why do you have the capacitor divider at the input/output? All AC noise will appear at the input and will be attenuated on by the factor of 2
– G36
Dec 21, 2017 at 20:05
• @ScottSeidman good point. And arguably if you have more than 20mA rail splitting might not be the best solution at all. Dec 21, 2017 at 20:06
• @G36 ya I know. it just feels wrong having them on one side only. C1 and C2 just keep the reference quiet. C2 and C4 are bypasses for the return currents in the rest of the circuit. Dec 21, 2017 at 20:08
• But how can C1, C2 keeps the reference quiet if they form a voltage divider?
– G36
Dec 21, 2017 at 20:24