The circuit below is the timing logic for the SC280 UV exposure unit. Based on my judgement the design of the circuit is poor - and I'm planning to replace it -, I'm posting my question only to learn something more about 555 timer circuits and debugging similar issues in the future.
The 555 is an NE555P, the UV exposure time is set with the R1 potmeter from 0 to 5½ minutes, and the exposure is started with the SW1 switch. The reason I checked the circuit is that the timer was inaccurate, the actual on-time was considerably less than the preset one (by up to a minute). As you can see the DISCHARGE and CONTROL pins are unconnected, even though they should be connected to C2 and to ground via a capacitor respectively according to the 555 monostable circuit on Wikipedia.
My question is how C2 discharges after the timer expires and if that way conforms to specification. Based on my measurement after pressing SW1 until the preset time expires it charges up to 10V (= ⅔ * 15V), then it drops suddenly to about 1V and then discharges slowly towards 0V. I suppose this was the circuit designer's intention, but it still surprised me, given that the discharge pin is unconnected and that (as I imagined, but also based on the datasheet) both the TRIGGER and THRESHOLD pins should be high impedance inputs. After building this same circuit on breadboard, I measured the discharge current (up to 400μA) to be via the THRESHOLD pin, while I didn't measure any considerable current via the TRIGGER pin. Looking at the 555 internals this pin is connected to the base of a BJT (which in turn is part of the threshold comparator).
Does the above discharge current go via the BJT's base-emitter junction? Normally (when the 555 is permanently powered via its Vcc pin) the THRESHOLD pin doesn't draw any considerable amount of current even if the timer has expired, so I doubt that this high discharge current would be due to normal BJT BE current to keep the transistor open. Maybe it's via the BC junction, due to Vcc falling below the voltage level on the THRESHOLD pin?
Is there any problem in THRESHOLD and TRIGGER being above Vcc? At least according to this NE555 datasheet they shouldn't be above it.
Why would someone choose this design over the more obvious (and correct?) one where Vcc is always connected to 15V and C2 is discharged via the DISCHARGE pin?