# Very basic question about under damped oscillation frequency

Imagine a step response of a series RLC circuit oscillates as an under-damped way: I also came across the following equation: As far as I understand the ωd above is the frequency of the damping oscillation (?) and ω0 is the resonant frequency which would be the oscillation freq. if the resistor was zero.

Is my way of thinking correct? If so what is ωd called in literature?

what is $\omega_d$ called in literature?

It's sometimes$^{(note1)}$ called the damped resonant frequency and applies to some 2nd order filters but not all. I regard it as the frequency where the observable resonant peak is maximum on the bode plot. For a 2nd order low pass filter this might help: - The peaking frequency becomes the same as $\omega_n$ when there is no damping ($\zeta$).

For a series RLC circuit there is no difference between $\omega_n$ and $\omega_d$ - it's just the way the math turns out because there is (what is called) a "zero" at 0 Hz and this nullifies the effect of the pole situated at negative complex frequencies. If you find this last paragraph beyond your learning I do apologize.

$^{(note1)}$ - Often the damped resonant frequency is called the peaking frequency (as mentioned above i.e. $\omega_d=\omega_n\sqrt{1-2\zeta^2}$) but it is also quite often mentioned as the projection of the pole to the jw axis as per below: - Note the subtle difference in the two formulas.

That projection to the jw axis is the frequency of the decaying oscillation as seen with a step response on (say) an RLC low pass filter like this: - With values plugged-into the calculator you get a response like this (and please note the damped oscillation frequency in the lower half of the picture): - • Interesting that for series RLC ωd doesnt change with R and is always equal to ω0 or ωn in your terms. Feb 19, 2018 at 13:09
• If you understood pole zero diagrams it would make sense. Feb 19, 2018 at 13:14
• Here electronics.stackexchange.com/questions/233654/… they say "ωd is the damped natural frequency of the underdamped case for the series RLC circuit." and it is not equal to ω0 for RLC series circuit. See the last answer. I dont know why you say in series RLC R doesnt change ωd. Formula says the opposite. Im confused Feb 19, 2018 at 13:21
• @user1234 good find - the last answer is wrong... A series RLC circuit has a zero that keeps the damped frequency the same as the natural resonance. Feb 19, 2018 at 13:28
• It's easy to see if you think about the resonant frequency forming when inductive and capacitive reactances cancel - they are in series and that cancellation is unaffected by the added series resistance. It's mathematically trickier when you have the resistor in parallel with the capacitor for instance. Feb 19, 2018 at 13:41