I am working on creating a simple protection circuit for an I/O pin of an MCU. The input signal will be coming from an array of different devices and I will want to monitor for high/low digital values from the following input types:
- Reed Switch (normally open) connecting to GND when closed.
- Normally open relay/FET connecting to GND when closed.
- 12v-24v high frequency input pulse. The signal is typical ~0v, and periodically sends a quick (5ms) pulse of between 12v and 24v (the MCU will be counting these pulses).
- 0v and 24v signal coming from a thermostat (used to trigger HVAC systems, I will just be monitoring this line, not controlling it).
- +5v serial signal (Rx UART) at 9600baud.
The device is 3.3v lithium battery powered, so minimal current consumption (at any input signal state) is important. Vdd is ~3v.
I am comparing two solutions. One uses Schottky diode array, and the other uses pre-biased transistors. I am curious what solution would be recommended, and what the pros/cons would be of each approach.
Note: I will actually have two of these input lines, so if I use the Diode Array solution I will need to do two of those identical circuits for each input. For the Pre-Biased Transistor I modeled it using the DS30345 so the one IC would support both inputs.
See Input Protection and Solution for accepting 3-24v as digital high for microcontroller for posts about each design.