# cable spec: differential characteristic impedance

I am hunting around for a cable with twisted-shielded pair conductors with the correct differential characteristic impedance for RS-485 (120 ohm)

Most of the cable spec sheets for cables with twisted shielded pair just say "Characteristic Impedance = ... " (here is an example: http://www.alphawire.com/Home/Products/Cable/Alpha-Essentials/Communication-and-Control-Cable/6365?device=pdf)

Is this referring to the differential impedance of the two conductors or the impedance of a single conductor?

• A single conductor can't have a differential impedance. Differential implies a difference between two things. Commented Feb 20, 2018 at 23:31
• The spec sheet I am looking at is for a twisted-shielded pair, not a single conductor. I will modify the question to make that more clear. Commented Feb 20, 2018 at 23:33
• It is referring to the transmission line impedance. A twisted pair is a balanced line. Google transmission line for more information. It takes into account that both wires are the transmission line. 120 ohms is pretty common for twisted pairs. I'm surprised that your link specs 75 ohms. Commented Feb 20, 2018 at 23:42
• @lakeweb, differential impedance of a twisted pair is a function of ratio between conductor diameter and insulation jacket thickness/dielectric constant. For example, Belden makes cables with 52-Ohm characteristic impedance, and even 36-Ohm., catalog.belden.com/techdata/EN/82723_techdata.pdf Commented Feb 21, 2018 at 3:26
• HI @Ali Chen, Thanks, yes, I know. I had cat5 in my head and now that I've checked, I see the nominal spec is 100 ohms. For his app, all other things being perfect the SWR from 75 ohms to 120 ohms is 1.6. So only ~5% loss. Commented Feb 21, 2018 at 16:20