I had this task of converting the output of a microphone's voltage (data-sheet link attached) to a range of 0-5V, as this is the range required for the input to an ADC chip.
While I know that op amps generally are used for this task, I couldn't find a comprehensive working mechanism for the circuit - the resistors, the capacitor, etc.
Could someone please explain to me what actually happens in this circuit, and what would the gain of the op amp finally be?
From the datasheet, I calculated the maximum voltage (V max) of the microphone to be 8.9 mV. (10^(-41/20))=8.9mV, where -41 is the sensitivity.