I'm new to circuits in general but have a basic understanding of it. However, it seems I can't wrap my head around the following issue:
(I'm using Tinkercad Circuits for trying out different approaches. All values come from the software's "multimeter".)
I have a very simple circuit, consisting of a power source, a transistor and a consumer. I want the transistor to output the same voltage as the input is. However, I don't know how.
The transistor logically consumes power itself. So having 12V in, the transistor has an output of about 10.8V.
Using a nMOS or pMOS didn't help either - at least in my approaches that is. I feel like I'm missing something very basic. Maybe something like a pull-up resistor?
How to make the output of a transistor the same as the input?