I'm trying to understand how lithium ion batteries work during discharge, looking at the following batteries https://www.nkon.nl/sk/k/hg2.pdf.
My question is how do you determine the current voltage of the batteries during discharge? Looking at the chart showing cell voltage over discharge capacity, from what I understand it's made by testing the batteries, not from calculating.
Is there any easier way to model it/approximate it? I'm trying to calculate the power of a motor as the battery discharges, and how much difference that does do the power. I have a varying discharge current from 0-20 A, so ideally I'm trying to find some simpler models for the current voltage depending on discharge current and capacity left.
An example, If I were to run a 3.5 v motor with a total "consumption" of 3 Ah, and a varying load varying from 0-20 A, would the "safest" way be to put 10 batteries in parallel so the cell voltage always stays above 3.5? Or would you take the average, 10, and put 3 in parallel?
Is there perhaps any easier way to calculate the power of the motor as the battery discharges?
I also have a question about nominal voltage, from what I understand, the nominal voltage is the average voltage when discharged, in this case 3.6 v. Does this mean that the battery can deliver 3000 mAh with a discharge current of 3 A and a voltage above 3.6 v? Or is it with a current of 0.6 A?
And what do you actually use the nominal voltage for? Thanks