I am experimenting with the circuit for an Arduino high side driver from Nick Gammon:
I need the circuit to work with a voltage range from 22V up to 30V and ideally stay cold. Everything else is fine, the MOSFET handles high currents without problem, but my problem is with the npn-transistor - it just gets extreme hot, especially at 30V. I am using 2N2222.
Can the circuit be adjusted in such a way that there will be no need of heat sinks or more powerful elements?
EDIT: After the suggestions of @Nick and @Edgar I changed R1 with 1.2K and R2 with 4.7k. Now the circuit is running for ~45 min without a problem, and is much cooler, I can even touch the transistor :)
I maybe had to better explain what I meant by 'extreme hot' - after a couple of minutes the thermal shutdown kicked in. That hot.
I am also considering switching to MOSFET-only solution, based on Figure 3 site 2 in this application note from Vishay:
Setting the divider to 4.7k/15k should give me less than 2mA through the N-MOSFET (
according to TINA I made it and it works like a charm!) so this should be even more cooler. It also should be able to handle even higher voltages without the zener, but I suppose it doesn't hurt to leave it as a surge protection.