I have a project that I want to power with a single cell lithium ion battery, which is to be charged from a USB plug (but not from a laptop or computer, rather from a wall supply like a phone charger). I have been researching charging circuitry, and found the MCP73833. I was going to impliment it as follows:

Charging circuit using MCP73833

The switch is a double pole double throw (DPDT) switch. That way, with the switch configured as it is in the picture, the battery is being charged and is disconnected from the load, while the load is being powered by the external supply. With the switch flipped, the external supply will be disconnected from everything and the battery will power the load (through the boost converter to reach 5V).

I then discovered the MCP73871 which seems to automatically switch between the battery and external supply. It seems like a better (more simple!) method of implementing this charging circuit, however I am concerned that if the system load draws fluctuating current, I have heard it may affect the life span of the battery. I am also unsure from the datasheet of the MCP73871 whether the system load voltage (on the OUT pins 1,20) varies whether the external supply is plugged in (i.e. when the USB is plugged in is the load voltage 5V and then when the USB is disconnected the load voltage drops to 4.2V down to 3.7V as the battery is discharged). I'm guessing this doesn't matter however, as I can just use a boost converter again to bring the voltage back up to 5V. Using my circuit with the MCP73833 as shown above the system load always receives 5V.

I am also concerned that as per the MCP73833 datasheet the maximum charging current with USB is 450mA. The Li-ion cell I am using is 3450mA so I would like to be able to charge it up to about 1.5A (~0.5C) which is a current I know is possible with USB phone chargers.

Are there any advantages and disadvantages to either the circuit I made or just using the MCP73871? This is my first time dealing with charging circuitry so want to make sure I get everything right. I am leaning towards using the MCP73871 but want to make sure I understand fully the benefits before making a decision.

Thanks in advance.

EDIT: I don't have a circuit decided for it, but if I decide to use the MCP73871, I will probably be using it in a very similar configuration to the Adafruit Powerboost 1000C

EDIT2: Another question about charging circuits, both of these ICs (as well as many other charging ICs) have a pin for a thermistor to limit current if the battery is heating uup too much. I would like to implement this but can't find much about how to go about it, do I just put the thermistor as neer as possible to the battery? Does it need to be touching it? Thanks again

  • \$\begingroup\$ Welcome to EE.SE! "Are there any advantages and disadvantages to either the circuit I made or just using the MCP73871?" is a rather open ended question, which we avoid here. Can you boil it down to one or two defined and answerable questions? \$\endgroup\$ – winny May 21 '18 at 13:37
  • \$\begingroup\$ Hi, thanks! Yes sorry, basically if someone can help me with the uncertainties I have about the MCP73871 - namely does a fluctuating load current negatively affect its operation, does the load voltage at the output pins (1,20) change based on external vs battery supply, and can it be used with a 1.5A USB supply from a wall-to-USB phone charger. Thanks again \$\endgroup\$ – rno May 21 '18 at 15:04
  • \$\begingroup\$ The datasheet is remarkably unclear about that. Strange. I would email Microchip if I where you. \$\endgroup\$ – winny May 21 '18 at 15:31

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