# How Can I Find “temperature coefficient” of a Battery?

I am studying mathematical modeling of a battery in simulink and for this it is necessary to determine some parameters. I'm stuck in the part where I need to determine an alpha parameter, which would be the relation between capacity and temperature. Not all battery manufacturers provide this parameter and would like to know with the author or how I could get to the value of it to proceed with the study of the model. Below the discussion that deals with the subject and attached the paper about it.

UPDATE

Looking for some manufactures data I found a data sheet with some informations I think can help me. So, with this specifications what is the value of alpha ?

• chemical processes become more or less active as temperature rises or falls... Commented May 22, 2018 at 18:21
• What battery chemistry? Commented May 23, 2018 at 8:52

## 2 Answers

Working with Li-ion or LiPo cells, I never heard of an alpha parameter in datasheets. But, usually you can easily find the discharge curves at various temperatures i.e. you can estimate a correlation coefficient between temperature and total capacity.

• Yeah, I think this to, but I don't know for sure which "C" I should use to the part "1/C" for example, and which interval of C variation I have to choose. Take a look in my update please Commented May 23, 2018 at 11:25
• They assume a constant $\alpha$, so that it multiplies the temperature variation $\Delta T$. I would try calculating $\alpha$ from the data in your datasheet, in the interval of interest. For example, when calculating capacity for 38°C temperature, use the $\alpha$ calculated between 25-40°C. Commented May 23, 2018 at 12:37
• Thanks @Diego2, I think you are right, that's how I'm doing this yesterday. Commented May 23, 2018 at 12:41

IEC 61215 standard requires this measurement for Li-ion and I believe the manufacturer must make the results of the testing available to the public. I have found the report for some batteries in the past. All I remember is I don't want to do that again.

You can measure it. Follow the IEC 61215 testing methods.

This may not help but it may. Li-ion batteries have a thermistor for safety. You can access and use the thermistor to measure the temperature.

If at all possible, connect the thermistor during charging and discharging to protect the battery against possible overheating. Use an ohmmeter to locate the internal thermistor. The most common thermistors are 10 Kilo Ohm NTC, which reads 10kΩ at 20°C (68°F). NTC stands for negative temperature coefficient, meaning that the resistance decreases with rising temperature. In comparison, a positive temperature coefficient (PTC) causes the resistance to increase. Warming the battery with your hand is sufficient to detect a small change in resistor value when looking for the correct terminal on the battery.