# Transient of a circuit when a generic audio signal is applied

I know the importance of the behaviour of a circuit when a sinusoidal signal is applied: by using Fourier Transform, I can see a generic signal as a (continuous) sum of sinusoidal signals with different frequencies. The question is: By applying Laplace Transform to a circuit, I can find the transient (if circuit is stable) response to this sum of sinusoidal signals. If the generic signal is an audio signal, does the transient influence what I hear? I mean, when I listen to a song, I should also hear a "transient" audio (which should be annoying), but I don't listen to this transient. Then: How is transient response dealt in audio circuits?

Example: if vin is a generic audio signal and by using Fourier I get vin= Asin(wt) + A'sin(w't) + A''sin(w''t) + ... and if the circuit is a simple amplifier with a gain equal to k, then vout = kvin In this case I have the same original audio signal, just amplified by a factor k. But we know that every input sinusoidal signal gives raise to transient (that will extinguish if the circuit is stable), then the output is vout = kvin + transient and thus the output audio signal is no more equal to the input audio signal (and i should hear some "modification" to the song I'm listening to...)

• Define a transient that you can hear? THD?
– user105652
May 22 '18 at 23:30
• To add on Sparky, an audio signal is the sum of any number of sinusoidal signal with different amplitudes. At any moment, you will get a single set of sines. Therefore, audio is by definition always a transient signal that never gets a chance to become steady state. Your system (for the sake of argument let's call it an amplifier) will always try to catch up, but will never have a chance to converge. It will always try to adapt to the input signal thus giving you the output modulation. May 22 '18 at 23:51
• I mean, when a sinusoidal input is given to a circuit, there is a transient that will extinguish if the circuit is stable (and I can campute it by using Laplace), but the "real" output signal is a sinusoidal signal as well (and I can compute it by just using phasors method). Now, let's assume that the generic input audio signal is given (Fourier) by the sum of some sinusoidal signals; then the "real" audio signal output should be the sum of (permanent) sinusoidal signals. The transient corresponding to each sinusoidal input should be some kind of noise, isn't it? Thanks May 22 '18 at 23:53
• Example: if vin is a generic audio signal and by using Fourier I get vin= Asin(wt) + A'sin(w't) + A''sin(w''t) + ... and if the circuit is a simple amplifier with a gain equal to k, then vout = kvin In this case I have the same original audio signal, just amplified by a factor k. But we know that every input sinusoidal signal gives raise to transient (that will extinguish if circuit is stable), then the output is vout = kvin + transient May 23 '18 at 0:03
• in that context your transient will be several magnitude lower than the kvin and will be impossible to actually hear. You will simply have a constant sound on the other side. Depending on the frequencies that are pumped in, there is a lot of chance that the output will not be pleasant (think of a piano that you smash randomly with your fists). This is not the transient sound tho, it is merely a bad choice of frequencies and harmonics resulting in a poor sounding signal. May 23 '18 at 0:08

If you look, for example, from ~0.4ms to ~0.6ms, the input (black) is one shape, Bessel follows closely the same shape, while Chebyshev distorts it. Also look at the immediately following double peak. The audio sample (.wav file, hence the sharpness) is a kick drum + snare + cymbal, so enough bandwidth.