The resonant inductive coupling is better than inductive coupling, the difference between them, is that resonant inductive coupling use the "resonance" in their favor.

But what is the difference in the diagram of both?

According to internet, this is the diagram of resonant inductive coupling:

enter image description here

And this, is the diagram of inductive coupling:

enter image description here

So, the only difference according to the image, is that the resonant circuit, uses 2 wire circles, called "broadband antenna" and "pick up antenna", but this is really so? (And if so, why those circles help? so much) or are there more differences in its diagrams?

In addition to these images, I have seen that the function of these circles is to match the impedance, I would appreciate your help.

  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Do you see the capacitor across the coils in the resonant circuit? Also, see here. \$\endgroup\$ – Shamtam May 31 '18 at 17:47
  • \$\begingroup\$ Yes, i its normal capacitor or capacitor variable, or other ? \$\endgroup\$ – Eduardo S. May 31 '18 at 20:50

What is the difference between inductive coupling and resonant inductive coupling?

If you resonate a coil with a parallel capacitor and apply a sinewave excitation to it (at the resonant frequency), the theoretical current that can build-up in the coil is much higher than the actual current applied to the parallel resonant coil.

Think about a coil of 1 uH excited at 300 kHz. It has an impedance of \$2\pi fL\$ or 1.884 ohms. If you applied a 10 volt RMS sinewave to it, you would get a current of 5.31 amps.

However, if you took a capacitor of 282 nF, it has an impedance also of 1.884 ohms but its impedance is negative relative to the inductor's impedance.

So if you paralleled impedance X with impedance -X you get: -

$$\dfrac{(-X)\cdot (+X)}{X - X}$$

This of course equals infinity. You have perfectly tuned a capacitor and inductor to produce infinite ohms as seen by the driving voltage. But there is still 5.31 amps RMS flowing in the coil because, taken individually you still have 10 V RMS across an inductive impedance of 1.884 ohms.

It so happens that the capacitor current (also 5.31 amps) is exactly cancelled by the inductor current and, as far as the driving singal is concerned it sees an open circuit.

But what form of black magic is this you might say?

There is no black magic - it takes time to build up this current and during that time, the 10 volt sine wave is providing energy slowly into the L and C. After a few hundred or so cycles you are probably nearly there for most circuits and the sine wave is hardly asked to do anything more.

Except when you decide to remove power by having another coil located close by that takes power and converts it into heat (as most electronic devices do).

So, a parallel resonant transmit coil is "aided" by tuning in that it can create a big flux (due to the big current) and it doesn't need thumping big pairs of transistors to generate sine wave current.

On the receive side, the parallel tuning is not quite what it seems to be. The receive coil actually has induced in its windings a voltage and that voltage is in series with its own inductance so, adding a capacitor is actually like making a low pass LC filter. Here's one I made earlier: -

enter image description here

enter image description here

Picture source.

So I've shown Vin as the induced receiver voltage and on the output there is nearly a 40 dB increase in output voltage. This would make an induced voltage of (say) 100 mV into 10 V RMS and quite suitable for rectification and conversion to DC.

But what is the difference in the diagram of both?

One is resonant tuned and the other isn't.

So, the only difference according to the image, is that the resonant circuit, uses 2 wire circles, called "broadband antenna" and "pick up antenna", but this is really so?

No it isn't the normal case. You have a transmit coil and a receive coil and they are both directly tuned with capacitors. Whether the coils are single turn loops with a tuning capacitor (suitable for higher frequencies) or multiple turn coils with a tuning capacitor is down to how the designer prefers things.

You could make an argument that the single turn coil is 100% coupled to its tuned local multiturn coil (i.e. a transformer) just for the convenience of the driving circuit. However, the principle is the same and I use (or have used) directly tuned coils for both transmit and receive.

In addition to these images, I have seen that the function of these circles is to match the impedance

That is because the single turn coil and the multiturn coil act like a step up transformer and a low impedance driving circuit can make a multiturn coil resonant at a much higher voltage. This is based on the turns ratio. However this is not a principle associated with resonant tuning - it's just a convenience for the designer.

  • \$\begingroup\$ Thank you very much for your great response. Then the only difference is the capacitor. In addition to this, and the comment of Shamtam, this is a resonant parallel circuit. Could you tell me, what are the formulas to calculate what resistance should I use, what type of capacitor should I use and rectifier? Please, I just need to do this experiment in simple terms, I would like to perform the experiment of charging a cell phone remotely, that is why I investigated this. Could you give me some mail, please? I do not have much help from other people, thank you very much. \$\endgroup\$ – Eduardo S. May 31 '18 at 20:46
  • \$\begingroup\$ Keep resistance as low as possible to keep resonant peaks high. Use ceramic capacitors X7R type should be fine. Rectifiers need to be fast and low volt drop, probably Schottky types. Google will return you the formula that relates L, C and resonant frequency. Use the tool in the answer for checking different values of L and C versus frequency. \$\endgroup\$ – Andy aka May 31 '18 at 21:00
  • \$\begingroup\$ This capacitor is good ? mouser.cl/new/dielectriclabs/dielectric-labs-v-slcs \$\endgroup\$ – Eduardo S. May 31 '18 at 21:14
  • \$\begingroup\$ This rectifier is good? articulo.mercadolibre.cl/… is 100v. And i not know if the rectifier must be Rectifier diode, or bridge rectifier? \$\endgroup\$ – Eduardo S. May 31 '18 at 21:19
  • \$\begingroup\$ If i want to charge a cellphone, i need generally 4volts. So i know the formula V = IR, so i need: 4(V) = IR, and how do I get the ampere(A) and the minimum resistance(R) (to keep the resonance peaks, as you told me) \$\endgroup\$ – Eduardo S. May 31 '18 at 21:34

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