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I have a 12 V power supply that's not working anymore, so I opened it up and checked for faulty components with a multimeter, and I found two of them so far. One was a 1000 µF 25 V electrolytic which I quickly replaced with a new one, and two was an X2 capacitor with 0.33 µF 275 V rating.

My problem is I don't have an X2 capacitor with that value. All I have is a 0.1 µF 275 V X2. But I do have a 0.33 µF 400 V polyfilm (Mylar) capacitor with me. Can I use that instead of an X2?

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1 Answer 1

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...can I use that (polyfilm (myler) capacitor) instead of an X2?

No.

There's a reason for that and that reason is safety. Especially in a (mains connected) power supply you want to take safety seriously. If you don't you risk harm from smoke/fire/explosion etc.

You should read this article on all about circuits why using an X-class capacitor is needed.

An X2 class capacitor will be able to withstand the peak voltages which appear on the mains. Also the way an X2 class capacitor is supposed to fail influences safety. A class-less capacitor is simply not a good choice for circuitry connected to mains.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Alright, thanks for the reply. I guess I'll just go and buy an X2 with the same value then. \$\endgroup\$
    – Kokachi
    Commented Jun 7, 2018 at 8:40
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Kokachi I don't think you need to. \$\endgroup\$
    – Oskar Skog
    Commented Jun 7, 2018 at 14:19
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Kokachi What makes you think it was faulty? BTW, it's most likely only used for EMI filtering so you could probably do without it. \$\endgroup\$
    – Oskar Skog
    Commented Jun 7, 2018 at 14:22
  • \$\begingroup\$ @OskarSkog I tested it with capacitance function and it's value was about a couple of nF. \$\endgroup\$
    – Kokachi
    Commented Jun 7, 2018 at 14:25
  • \$\begingroup\$ The last X-capacitor I replaced I knew was faulty because it blew it's guts and filled the room with smoke. \$\endgroup\$ Commented Jun 7, 2018 at 16:59

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