I am designing a circuit in which has a voltage supervisor (MCP121-33)with active low output nRST connected to RESET input of the microcontroller which is straightforward. Also, there is a another requirement in which the RESET input of the microcontroller has to be driven by one of the GPIOs of MCP2221 (USB to I2C/UART).

The GPIOs of MCP2221 are all push pull and not open drain.

How to connect MCP2221 GPIO and nRST from the regulator such that we can RESET the microcontroller using either of the sources.?

Any buffers with open drain is required on the push pull GPIO? please clarify.

Thanks in advance....

Datasheets: MCP2221 (USB to I2C/UART) AND Voltage monitor


2 Answers 2


You can use a GPIO as open drain by programming it differently.

If you leave it programmed to output mode, then set the output data to 0 or 1, it behaves as a push pull output.

If you leave the output data set to 0, then program the mode to input or output, it behaves as an open drain output.

Although this is a fairly common pattern, it's worth leaving yourself a clear note in comments that you're using the GPIO in this way, to avoid accidents in the future should you forget what you've done.


Assuming you have a pull-up resistor to Vcc, you can "OR" another rest from a push-upll output by using a diode. The push-pull output connects to the cathode and the anode connects to the reset node. Should the push-pull output be high then a reset via your MCP121-33 chip will still activate the reset line without a fight due to the diode being reverse biased: -

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  • \$\begingroup\$ If you do this, watch out for the diode forward voltage. You don't want to end up in the "undefined" voltage range. \$\endgroup\$
    – Drew
    Jul 11, 2018 at 18:51

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