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When I move my EMF radiation meter near a charger it shows me that there is radiation from the charger, and even the device itself radiates when the charger is connected to it. The chargers emit radiation even if the device is not connected to them.

I understood that the radiation is caused because of the way the modern chargers are working. They are working in a way that they switch on and off very quickly. It is done by a DC/DC converter.
It results in a very high frequency noise (radiation) that travels on the charger's wires and even on the connected device.

But I noticed that when I connect the ground of the output of the power supply to the ground of the wall socket, there is no radiation!

circuit

circuit illustration

So I have some questions:

  1. Why it eliminates the radiation?
  2. Is it safe to do that? (I know that the two sides of a transformer need to be isolated from each other, but it is just in principal).
  3. Will it damage the device, the charger or the socket?
  4. If it's ok, why the chargers are not designed in the way they will not radiate? (The chargers have only 2 connectors to the wall socket so why they don't have the third connector to the socket's ground?)

Thank you!

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  • \$\begingroup\$ 1. it provides an exit route. 2. yes. 3. not normally. 4. cost and complexity reduction \$\endgroup\$ – dandavis Jul 17 '18 at 21:34
  • \$\begingroup\$ Thank you! So I understand that it's ok and it's designed without the ground connector because it is cheaper for the manufacturers. \$\endgroup\$ – user8337939 Jul 17 '18 at 21:41
  • \$\begingroup\$ there's also a question of electrical isolation that comes into play, say when amplifying audio or chaining PSUs, but this is a quick overview of your particulars. \$\endgroup\$ – dandavis Jul 17 '18 at 21:45
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    \$\begingroup\$ @dandavis it is highly recommended to use the "Your Answer" section to answer a question. \$\endgroup\$ – Arsenal Jul 17 '18 at 21:59
  • \$\begingroup\$ Why do you care about this radiation? Are you implying that this is harmful radiation, because I don't see any evidence of that at all. \$\endgroup\$ – Elliot Alderson Jul 17 '18 at 22:01
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The coupling capacitance in the isolation transformer causes common mode noise voltage from the primary side switcher not the low voltage side. So this Common Mode DC pair extends the CM noise to the laptop. Some have a torridal ferrite to absorb some of the CM signal but when the laptop is floating there is not much attenuation unless RF caps were used to the primary earth ground. This current is limited by the Earth ground leakage test limits often 250uA or 500uA depending on country. So the winding coupling capacitance often radiates with line frequency modulated 50kHz or whatever switching rate. Then external unbalanced mic’s often induce some of this E field into the high CM input impedance and causes nonlinear conversion to differential mode noise.

Earthing gnd shunts and attenuates the CM high impedance Signal to low levels. That is simply an impedance divider.

This also works with any VGA video cable as this cable has earth ground from the 3 pin power plug.

The only risk is a ground fault to the grid could energize the metal edges of the laptop case momentarily or an open ground elsewhere but to a machine with high ground current may pass to a user touching a good ground.

A better solution would be to have a perfectly balanced high inductive CM choke with RF caps to earth ground to both shunt voltage but at lower CM noise current levels But this adds great expense it seems so it is not done for the few that might benefit from it.

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