Help me understand the role and effect of an inductor used in the following electrical circuit.
The circuit in question is a power supply circuit for around 50 servers in a data center. The circuit uses a MOSFET transistor for commuting the power provided to the servers. In order to protect the transistor, the apparatus must be able to evaluate the connected charge in case it might be a short-circuit or too high of a capacity, as this will destroy the transistor.
For this purpose, an inductor is connected in series with the circuit, but I fail to understand how this addition fulfills the intended role.