I have a small amount of Attiny85-20PU which I am trying to program with a stk500v1-type-programmer (for the sake of simplicity say an Arduino with ArduinoISP-Sketch).
My first attempts with that part were with the Arduino-Environment, but in the long run I want to use Atmel Studio (in connection with AVRDude as well).
But I am getting a Yikes-Type error from AVRDude. Verbose output shows that it doesn't recognize device signature (being 0x0).
The programmer, configuration (like baud rate) and wiring must be correct because I can successfully program another Tiny85-compatible board (the Nanite85, see https://cpldcpu.wordpress.com/2014/04/25/the-nanite-85/, it is internally clocked, I am not using the bootloader/USB). I have just double checked it, still works. Also, programming an Atmega328 in-circuit (with external clock) is not a problem with that programmer. It can't be a single defective part, I have checked it with two different items.
So my hot guess is that my Attiny85's are fused for external clock. But the datasheet from Atmel (http://ww1.microchip.com/downloads/en/DeviceDoc/Atmel-2586-AVR-8-bit-Microcontroller-ATtiny25-ATtiny45-ATtiny85_Datasheet.pdf, section 6.2 clock sources) clearly says that it should be factory-fused to "Calibrated Internal Oscillator". Could it be that this depends on the concrete model of the chip, contrary to the datasheet?
The chips seem properly labeled with Atmel logo and all. Although I bought them on Ebay, I can hardly imagine that any chinese copycat manufacturer would bother with an oldschool 2€ part.
Can I find out if the clock fuses are the problem without soldering the Attiny together with a crystal?