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I am working with a 16-bit differential ADC and I would like to know the difference between this latter and a single ended ADC especially: How to calculate voltage from the ADC value ?

Is it like this:

Voltage = IN- + Vref x Code/2^n-1

EDITED: According to the datasheet, the ADC gives a two's complement value. How to calculate voltage from this value ?

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    \$\begingroup\$ Usually the output format is in 2's complement. \$\endgroup\$ – Long Pham Aug 9 '18 at 13:33
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    \$\begingroup\$ From data sheet page 16: For example, the size of one LSB is equal to [(2 x VREF) / 2^n], which is 152.6 μV where n is 16 bits and VREF is 5V. And as LongPham has said, 2's complement format \$\endgroup\$ – glen_geek Aug 9 '18 at 13:55
  • \$\begingroup\$ How to convert this 2's complement value to a voltage? \$\endgroup\$ – Pryda Aug 9 '18 at 14:29
  • \$\begingroup\$ I edited my question \$\endgroup\$ – Pryda Aug 9 '18 at 14:57
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    \$\begingroup\$ Note: your program doesn't need to know the voltage. Raw ADC values are fine for all purposes of writing a program. You only need to convert to volt if you plan to display the result to humans. Scaling internal data needlessly is a very common beginner bug. \$\endgroup\$ – Lundin Aug 10 '18 at 13:00
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Differential or single ended has nothing to do with your conversion.

Differential: Voltage being converted to is (In+)-(In-)

Single Ended: Voltage being converted to is Vin

int16_t code=read_ADC(); 
float voltage=code*Vref/(2^16-1)

n bit devises the range to (2^n-1) "buckets", so each bucket is Vref/(2^n-1)

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  • \$\begingroup\$ (2^n -1) vs (2^n). Never-ending controversy ;) \$\endgroup\$ – Long Pham Aug 10 '18 at 4:05

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