I am working on a project to automate the opening and closing of my venetian blinds at home, by attaching a motor with an H-bridge to them. I started with a practical trial and error approach to it. For the motor I just got a small one I had spare, the kind you would use for an RC car, and for voltage I was connecting straight to different batteries and see what was the voltage needed to give enough power to the motor to open the blind. I didn't do any gearing to increment the torque.
After finding what I thought worked, I burnt a couple of motors, because (I think) I'm applying too much current to them.
I would like to use this opportunity to approach this project from an electrical engineering approach, the kind of thing you would do at university, where is more like a theory exercise to calculate your values in your design, and then apply it to the real world and fine tune the values to what's different from the ideal world of the theory.
I have a background in computer science and software engineering and it had a strong foundation on electronics and circuits, but nothing with motors.
I would love to know what kind of material, be it books/blogs/... would I need to study from the academic (maybe) electrical engineering world to not approach this problem blindly.